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Handbook of Natural Gas Transmission and Processing


Year: 2006
Language: english
Author: Saeid Mokhatab, William A. Poe, James G. Speight
Genre: Handbook
Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Edition: 2006
ISBN: 978–0–7506–7776–9
Format: PDF
Quality: eBook
Pages count: 672
Description: The de-carbonization of fuels, a process that started two centuries ago and has
little to do with often strident environmental ideologues will position natural
gas as the next premier fuel of the world economy. The world, headed by
North America, is shifting towards natural gas for power generation as a substitute
for coal and oil. Nuclear, while it would be the obvious competitor
still seems to suffer from adverse publicity and real large up-front costs and
economy of scale requirements. Eventually, the real breakthrough for natural
gas use must be its major contribution as a fuel used for transportation, not
necessarily directly as compressed natural gas for engine combustion but indirectly,
providing the necessary electricity in electrified transportation. There
are plentiful natural gas supplies in the world. They are also diverse, compared
to oil, and this makes natural gas far more attractive from a geopolitical
point of view. Russia, a non-OPEC member has the largest proven reserves.
Emerging or speculated consumption by China and India, the always large
U.S. energy appetite, along with maturing U.S. domestic production are the
primary reasons for the huge expected demand for natural gas transportation
from producers to consumers. Natural gas, compared to oil, is far more
cumbersome to handle, process, transport and store. There are two common
means of transport: pipelines and liquefied natural gas (LNG). Compressed
natural gas intended to be transported in sea-going vessels may also emerge.
Pipelines are not practical in almost all cases of sea distances longer than
500 miles. This is the reason for the recent major buildup of LNG facilities
throughout the world. In the consuming nations, once LNG trade emerges
in a large scale the natural gas prices are likely to be kept reasonable for
decades.

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