Arcan ® 30-Nov-2019 12:21

Offshore Wind Turbines


Year: 2012
Language: english
Author: Peter Tavner
Genre: Textbook
Publisher: Institution of Engineering and Technology
Edition: 1
ISBN: 978-1-84919-230-9
Format: PDF
Quality: eBook
Pages count: 294
Description: The development of offshore wind power has become a pressing modern energy
issue in which the United Kingdom is taking a major part, driven by the need to
find new electrical power sources, avoiding the use of fossil fuels, in the knowledge
of the extensive wind resource available around our islands and the fact that the
environmental impact of offshore wind farms is likely to be low.
However, there are major problems to solve if offshore wind power is to be
realised and these revolve around the need to capture this energy at a cost per
megawatt hour competitive with other practicable sources. This will depend upon
the reliability, availability and longevity of the wind turbines, which make up these
offshore wind farms. The cost-effectiveness of the maintenance needed to achieve
that availability and longevity is essential to improve offshore wind life-cycle costs
and the future of this emerging industry.
This book intends to address these issues head-on and demonstrates clearly to
manufacturers, developers and operators the facts and figures of wind turbine
operation and maintenance in the inclement offshore environment, recommending
how maintenance should be done to achieve low life-cycle costs.
The author has been working on this problem for 10 years, but his main
technical experience was in the conventional fossil- and nuclear-fired electricity
supply industry operating and manufacturing power equipment, from which many
lessons can be learnt about wind industry through-life costs. However, modern
fossil- and nuclear-fired power stations are in effect purpose-designed, well-
housed, power factories, manned 24 hours a day 7 days a week, whose effective-
ness has been demonstrated over the past 80 years. The author also had an early
naval training and knows from ship operations the role that good design, manu-
facture and maintenance must play in keeping a ship operational on the high seas
also assisted by the fact that ships are manned 24/7. The efficacy of our maritime
trade over the last 100 years shows how this can be achieved. The offshore oil and
gas industry, particularly in the North Sea, where many offshore wind assets are
and will be installed, has also learnt how to install, maintain and operate effective
offshore engineering structures over the past 40 years, including some lessons
about operating at reduced manning levels.

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