zxc ® 05-Ноя-2012 12:51

Incinerator Unit Type : OSV— 360SAI - Palau / Finished plan & instruction book


Year: 2003
Language: english
Author: P A L A U
Genre: INSTRUCTION BOOK
Publisher: HAKODATE DOCKYARD CO., LTD.
Format: PDF
Quality: Scanned pages
Number of pages: 88
Description: We are very happy with your adoption of the product of Sunflame make.
We will take a) 1 effort lo your satisfaction, and hope to hold a long relationship between us while the equipment is at your service regularly.
The instruction manual here is written for instructing how to use the equipment with full ability in safe. Please keep the manual with good care so that every person who handle or manage the equipment can study it at his convenience.
Labels and plates arc on the equipment in order lo call your at tent ion for safety. Keep them c lean, and rep 1 ace unclean one.
The equipment is obviously put in service for burning purpose. Please handle the equipment with sufficient care of safety, upon a studying to understand properly of the manual document and the label descriptions. A careless or vrong handling may resuli a serious siluation or accident including explosion, fire, death, injury or illness.
The following notations are for cal3 ing your attention to a danger situation by a level, which may occur from a wrong handling.
The levels are classified in common sense, and they don’t mean their seriousness are 1 i mi ted wi thin their level. DANGER! A situation with death, serious injury or illness, explosion or fire
The equipment is guaranteed for a year after being handed over without otherwise specified.
An accident or trouble which is resulted from some careless or wrong handling is out of our responsibility.
You can contact us at the following address for your inquiry of some ordering of part, some unclear matter in the manual, some question about•equipment and so on.
Please refer us to the model no., the mfg. no., the necessary parts, the builder and their construction no. (ship no.) and the detail situation of the machine at the inquiry.

DRAWING LIST

1 SPECIFICATION SP - 14836
2 FLOW SHEET EF
3 ASSEMBLY OF INCINERATOR El -
4 INCINERATOR CONTROL PANEL EE - 14836
5 MAIN BURNER GB -
6 1GNITI0N BURNER G -
7 EXHAUST FAN Mf -
8 THERMO-COUPLE FOR EXHAUST GAS G -
9 LIST OF SPARES & TOOLS SL - 14836

CONTENTS

1. GENERAL
1.1. Rule X nationality
1.2. Power source .1. Main circuit
1. 3. Instal I ing place
1.4. Unit
1.5. Language of plate / label .1. Nomination / appIicat ion .2. Instruction X Caution
1.6. Painting color .1. Incinerator body . 2. Exhaust fan
2. Incinerator(furnace)
2.1. Model No.
2.2. Capacity
2.3. Design temperature of furnace X refractory
2.4. Combustion air system
2. 5. Cool ing system
2. 6. Ignition system
2.7. Operation system
2.8. Charging system of solids
2.9. Charging method of solids XHole dimension for charging
2. 10. Allowable back pressure
2.11. Volume \ max. temperature of exh. gas
3. Main burner (waste oil burner)
3.1. Model No.
3. 2. Burning system
3.3. Combustion capacity
3.4. Motor
3. 5. Pr imary air fan . 1. Air rate .2. Air pressure
3.6. Main shut-off valve . 1. Model No.
3.7. Waste oil pump (Sludge pump)
3. 8. Hinge I imit switch
3.9. Pressure gauge for waste oil (sludge)
4. Waste oil strainer (sludge strainer)
5. Thermostat for waste oil (sludge)
6. Thermometer for waste oil (sludge)
7. Ignition burner
8. D. o. pump with shut-off valve . 1. Type
9. Diesel oil shut-off valve
10. Nozzle cooling valve . 1. Model No.
11. Diesel oiI strainer
12. Pressure switch for diesel oil
13. Pressure gauge for diesel oil
14. Flame eye
15. Door locker
16. Door limit switch
17. Damper control ler
18. Thermo-couple for furnace
19. Exhaust fan
19.1. Type
19.2. Gas rate \ pressure 19. 3. Revolution
19. 4. Motor
20. Fan pressure switch
21. Thermo-couple for exhaust gas
22. Ignitor (mounted in control panel)
23. Control panel
23.1. Mounting construction
23.2. Enclosure protection
23. 3. Case mater ia I
23.4. Composed circuit
24. Spares and tools

OPERATION

B. OPERATION
B.l. Preparation
]. Drain Ihe layered water from waste oil (sludge) in the tank before burning. Contaminations in oil may cause some clog or trouble to valves and pumps.
They may also cause a bad combustion; black smoking and slicking of soot or unburned oil to the furnace wal 1.
iDANGERl An improper execution of such work may cause some situation with explosion, fire, death or injury. _ _
2. Heat waste oil (sludge) before and while burning.
Hot waste oil (sludge) can gel easy to transport and to atomize into line misl.
It can not be burnt below its flash point.
The proper oil temperature at the burner may be 90-100 t, but a re-adjusting of the temperature may be obliged depending on a property of waste oil (sludge).
Also a hcating-up will decrease a water content.
Make sure to ventilate the tank against leak of gas generated by a heating-up.
If some volatile components mixed, lake sufficient care on ventilation of the tank and
against leakage of the oil line.
A iDANGERl An improper execution of such work may cause some situation with ’ explosion, fire, death or injury._
3. Agitate waste oil (sludge) before and while burning.
A continuous agitation assists to emulsify oil and water into an even emulsion mixture for a fine atomizing.
4. Open dampers in the uptake duct for an easy exhaustion, if any.
A {DANGER! An improper execution of such work may cause some situation with explosion, fire, death or injury._ ___
5. Turn valves to correct set positions for a running. Confirm that the return oil to the
tank cannot blocked during operation.
A iDANGERl An improper execution of such work may cause some situation with
explosion, fire, death or injury. __
6. Make sure cleaning of strainers.
7. Check the lines over the pipings against leakage.
A iDANGERl An improper execution of such work may cause some situation with ’ explosion, fire, death or injury.____
8. Make sure the powers of electricity and air to the unit.
iDANGER! An improper execution of such work may cause some situation with explosion, fire, death or injury.
9. Make sure disposal of ash and ember.
{DANGER! An improper execution of such work may cause some situation with explosion, fire, death or injury.
10. Solid wastes can be charged through the single door before running. Close and bolt the door steadily after every charging.
(See the section of management of solid wastes.)
A {DANGER! An improper execution of such work may cause some situat ion with
explosion, fire, death or injury.
n. Set the burner, the charging doors and others to their running positions.
A [DANGER! An improper execution of such work may cause some situation with
explosion, fire, death or injury.
12. Check tensions of the driving belts.
[WARNI NGl A fai lure in execution of such work may cause some situation with injury.
13. Take a precaution to the ambient condition against moving parts, a high voltage, a high temperature, and so on. before the incinerator is put into operation.
[DANGER! An ^Proper execution of such work may cause some situation with explosion, fire, death or injury.
14. Check if fittings, wiring and settings of dev ices for safety and control are tight, steady and correct with no soi1.
JDANGER! An improper execution of such work may cause some situation with explosion, fire, death or injury.
15. Make sure the arrangement of the nozzle tip and the electrodes of the ignition burner.
[DANGER! An improper execution of such work may cause some situation with explosion, fire, death or injury.
16. Set all the switch on the control panel to correct set position.
AlCAUT I ON! An improper execution of such work may cause some situation with wound or trouble.
17. Turn ”SOURCE." breaker to "ON." to supply the control panel with the power source, while pushing ”RESET." button. If it is turned "Of/." without ”RESET.", an alarm will come out
with the buzzer and lamps. Push ”RESET. " and cancel the alarm
B.2. Running
B.2.1. Warming up stage.
1. Preset switches for a start.
Turn "FUEL FOB MAIN BM. ” switch to "D. 0.
Turn "DILUTION" switch to "AUT.". (in case of automatic dilution control)
Turn "MAIN BURNER" and ”/GNITOR" switches to "ON".
2. Close the furnace air damper and open the di 1 u 1 ion damper to decrease air into the combust ion chamber, then the warming up will be quickened. Narrowing the gap of the burner air damper may effect belter. The dilution damper will be automatically operated as described below in case of automatic dilution control.
(See (he section of adjusting of dumpers.)
3. Set valves for warming up by diesel oil. (See item B 2 8. and B. 2. 9.)
A iDANGERl An improper execution of such work may cause some situation with _\_ explosion, fire, death or injury.____
4. Turn "RUNNING" switch to "START", and the exhaust fan and the main burner will be driven. The pump assembled in the main burner is also driven.
5. The dilution damper will automatically open to quicken warming up of the furnace in case of automatic dilution control.
6. After a proper purging, the ignition burner will be supplied with diesel oil to atomize while the electrodes give a spark to the oil mist at the same time.
(See the time chart of burning system)
7. The main burner will be supplied with diesel oil to burn in 10 seconds.
(Set the time chart of burning system.)
8. The ignition burner will stop in 10 seconds.
(See (he time chart of burning system.)
9. The fluid to the nozzle tip of the ignitor will be replaced with air by the nozzle cooling valve while the ignitor stopping in order to protect the tip from heat in a hot furnace.
- U - 3
B.2.2. Waste oil (sludge) burning stage
]. Waste oil (sludge) is interlocked to shut off with a lower temperature than the low limit point in the combustion chamber.
(See I he chart of temperature and the table of control/safety.) Turn valves for waste oil (sludge) burning after "CHARGEABLE" lamp put out.
(See item B. 2. 8. and B. 2. 10.)
I A iDANGER! An improper execution of such work may cause some situation withl
II * ‘ explosion, fire, death or injury. _
2. Turn ”FUEL FOR MAIN BNR ” switch to "W.O." after the thermometer of the waste oil (sludge) on the return line of the incinerator shows 90*0 or above.
3. Adjust the burning rate and the dampers’ opening so that the temperature is settled at about 1050 "C after the chamber warmed. To close the dilution damper can control the temperature rising of the combustion chamber in case of manual dilution control. Adjusi the burner air damper depending on the burning rate of oil.
Adjust the furnace air damper depending on the burning condition of solid wastes.
(See the sect ion of adjusting of dampers.)
4. When the chamber is heated up to the upper set point (1, 100*0, fuels will be automatically shut off.
When it is cooled back to the lower set point {1,000*0, the ignitor will start again.
(See the section of control of combustion temperature.)
5. In case of automatic dilution control, the dilution damper will automatically close when the chamber is heated up to the upper set point.
And it will open when the chamber is cooled down to the lower set point.
(See the chart of temperature and (he section of adjusting of dampers.)
6. When the exhaust gas is heated up to the upper set point (320*0, fuels wi 11 be automat ical ly shut off.
When it is cooled back to the lower set point (310*0, the ignitor will start again.
(See the sec tion of control of combust ion tempera I ure.)
7. A purging will be automatically carried oul for 30 seconds or longer after every shut off of fuels.
It is prohiljiU'd lo divert or distribute the document anywhere other than ihe submitting jmipone. tgtbLTifl <.
B.2.3. Pipe cleaning stage
1. Stop agitation and heating of the waste oil if not neccssary.
2. Turn "FUEL FOR MIN BNR. " switch lo "D.O.".
3. Turn valves for pipe cleaning by diesel oil. (Sec item B. 2. H. and B. 2. 11.)
I A ID ANGER! imProPer execution of such work may cause some situation with explosion, ____fire, death or injury.__|
4. Returning diesel oil from the burner is shifted into the waste oil tank (sludge tank) on this stage or the nexl.
Too long shining may cause an over filling of the tank.
Turn "BURNER" switch to "OFF" before the tank overflows, if not intending toward Quenching or finishing.
▲ 1DANGER! An improper execution of such work may cause some situation with explosion, fire, death or injury. _
B.2.4. Trip stage
1. Fuels will be immediately shut off with an alarm against any dangerous condition.
(See the table of control/safety.)
2. The "RUNNING" lamp will nol put out in the trip stage.
The lamp will go on until an operation is normally completed after the system is resumed.
3. Before refiring, remove all the causes, re-arrange ihe circumslances in order and confirm
a longer purging of Ihe furnace is not necessary.
A 'DANGER! An improper execution of such work may cause some situation with explosion,!
fire, death or injury. _ ___ _]
B.2.5. Quenching stage
1. Turn "RUNNING’' switch to "STOP" after the thermometer of waste oil (sludge) gets the diesel oil’s own temperature.
Fuels will be shut off and tlie burner will stop immediately, and Ihe combustion chamber will be cooled by Ihe exhaust fan. Close ihe dilution damper for quickening of cooling uf the combustion chamber.
2. The fan will stop after quenching the chamber to the finish point (60'C).
(See ihe chart of temperature and the table of control/safety.)
3. Check Ihe inside of the furnacc soon after the fan stopped.
If it is not enough cooled or some ember remains in, drive the fan soon again.
In case of restarting after a long interval, air in an explosion-promotive ratio may be fed the furnace and gas path which are filled with combust ible gas generated from smoldering ember.
AIDANGERI ,mProPer execution of such work may cause some situation with explosion, fire, death or injury. ________
A. Remove oil, sool or carbon from every exposed part soon after quenching.
Clean the furnace wall by a brush or a chisel, the atomizing cup by rag or a sheet of sand paper, the flame eve by rag, the sight glass by rag and the electrodes of the ignition burner by a brush or a sheet of sand paper.
AID ANGER! imProPer execution of such work may cause some situation with explosion, fire, death or injury. ■__
B.2.6. Emergency stop stage
1. Two methods for emergency stop are prepared locally and/or remotely as follows.
A 'DANGER' imPr°Per selection of EMERGENCY STOP may make the situation worse with explosion, fire, death or injury.______
2. Generally the unit must have a quenching stage to avoid fire even in an emergency stop. So the unit is to slop as follows by the general emergency stop.
"RUNNING" switch (to " STOP") on the local panel and " EMERGENCY STOP " switch extended remotely (if installed for the general emergency stop,) is provided for the purpose.
2. 1. All units except for the exhaust fan will stop immediately with fuels’ shutoff.
2.2. The exhaust fan will automatically stop after quenching the chamber to the finish point {1)0*0.
3. If such more dangerous accident occurs to oblige the crews to abandon the ship, you can stop all the unit immediately by the final emergency stop.
"SOURCE" breaker switch on the local panel or the feeding switch to the unit in the power feeding room is to effect the purpose.
- H - (j -
B.2.7. Fault of air supply on the way of incineration
1. The unit may not be given the necessary air on the way of incineration in some case, for example when the ventilation fan for the room stopped. Turn "RUNNING" switch to "STOP ” and shut off the fuels immediately to avoid from any danger. Keep the exhaust fan on of the incinerator running to secure the airflow for combustion and cooling. A very dangerous situation may be resulted, a backfiring may comc out or the room may be filled with hot and poisonous gas, if the room was under a negative pressure or a blast blew into from the funnel top.
AlDANGER! An improper execution of such work may cause some situation withl '_ explosion, fire, death or injury.________
2. The exhaust fan may stop on the way of incineration by an emergency stop, blacking out and so on. If the fan is not restarted soon, some danger may come out under that condition. Use sufficient caution against explosion, hot and poisonous gas from the space or heat of the unit and the surroundings under the condition.
1.1. The disposal remained in the furnace may smolder without necessary air for combustion.
1.2. The disposal may generate combustible or flammable gas.
A1DANGER! An improper execution of such work may cause some situation with ’ explosion, fire, death or injury._'__
3. In case that the combustion chamber is not supplied with sufficient air for a long period after the fan’s stop, and the disposal is smoldering, the chamber and the gas path may be filled with combustible gas.
Some opening or uncovering of the space or restarting the fan or the incinerator under that
condi t ion may bring very serious resul t, because such operat ion may rapidly turn the rat io
of the combustible gas to the supplied air into a explosive range.
AlDANGER! An improper execution of such work may cause some situation with __explosion, fire, death or injury._
4. After a smoldering goes on for a long period, displace the combustible gas with an inert gas from the incinerator and the room.
AlDANGER! An improper execution of such work may cause some situation with ‘' explosion, fire, death or injury. _
B.2.8. Common cautions for valves' setting
1. Don't drive a pump while its suction side is closed.
A [CAUTION! improper execution of such work may cause some situation with wound ' or trouble._
2. If oil circulates through a pump with no supplement for a long period, heat will be accumulated in the oil and the pump, the oil pressure will rise increasingly and some seal ing material on the pump may be broken.
Don’t coni inue to circulate oil through a pump wi th no supplement for more than 5 minutes. „
A {DANGER! An improper execution of such work may cause some situation wi _ * explosion, fire, death or injury._
3. The heal will be accumulated and Ihe pressure will rise increasingly also when the relurn line to the tank is stopped during operation. While the combustion rale will increase so much that combustion interruption will be Quickened by the temperature rising.
Keep the return line always opened during operation.
{DANGER! An improper execution of such work may cause some situation with] explosion, fire, death or injury._
4. If returning diesel oil goes into the waste oil Lank (sludge tank) for a long period, Ihe tank may overflow.
Check the oil level in the waste oi 1 tank (sludge tank) against an overflow while returning
diesel oil is directed to the tank.
A {DANGER} An improper execution of such work may cause some situation with _ explosion, fire, death or injury.____
5. If oil lines are such arranged that waste oil (sludge) could flow into a diesel'line, take a special care against mixing when valves’ settings are changed.
jWARN ING! An 'proper execut i on of such work may cause some si tuat ion wi th injury or a large damage.
Оценка: 4.8 / 5 (Голосов: 9)
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