janataly ® 23-Дек-2012 19:56

Руководство капитана по использованию бункера на борту / GUIDE TO USING FUEL OIL ONBOARD


Year: 2012
Language: english
Author: Mark C. Ford
Genre: Руководство
Publisher: The Standard P&l Club
Series: 2nd edition
Format: PDF
Quality: eBook
Number of pages: 71
Description: The purpose of this guide is to provide masters, ships’ officers and shore superintendents with a basic knowledge of the use of, and precautions to be taken when using fuel oils onboard ship. The misuse of fuel oil can lead to major claims and jeopardise the safety of the ship. They say that ‘oil and water do not mix’; today the master has to be very much aware of what is happening in the engine room. Fuel oil has been used onboard ship since the 1870s when the SS Constantine first sailed the Caspian Sea using oil in her boilers to generate steam for the main propulsion system. Now, most merchant tonnage primarily burns fuel oil to produce power for propulsion purposes, electrical power generation, in boilers or all of these. Shipowners are faced with significant fuel cost fluctuations and changing emissions regulations, both of which determine the way fuel systems and diesel engines onboard are operated. This can cause various engine fuel system operational problems, such as purifier or filter clogging, fuel pump scoring or failure, severe cylinder liner wear, fuel injector seizure, exhaust valve seat corrosion or blow-past and turbocharger turbine wheel fouling. This is just a shortlist of potential problems. We shall be mainly looking at the use of residual fuel oil (Heavy Fuel Oil/ Intermediate Fuel Oil (commonly referred to as HFO/IFO) which usually has a viscosity of around 380cst/180cst respectively.) The use of HFO/IFO onboard ship can be very problematic. We will be paying particular attention to bunkering, storage, processing, machinery using HFO and the current and future regulations regarding fuel onboard ship. However, the majority of practices followed for HFO in this guide also relate to the distillate fuel marine diesel oil/gas oil (commonly referred to as MDO/MGO) used on ships. We aim to raise awareness of the problems encountered with the storage, handling and processing of HFO onboard ship that can, if not approached in a safe and proficient manner, result in catastrophic loss of life, loss of the ship or a major pollution incident. We shall show that the good management and understanding of HFO will present less risk of a heavy fuel oil problem arising and result in a safer, cleaner and a more reliable ship.
Оценка: 5 / 5 (Голосов: 12)
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