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English For Maritime Studies: 2-nd edition


Year: 1987
Language: english
Author: T. N. Blakey
Genre: ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING
Publisher: Prentice Hall International English LanguageTeaching
ISBN: 0-13-281379-3
Format: PDF
Quality: Scanned pages
Number of pages: 303
Description: Who the course is for
English for Maritime Studies is an English language course designed to help non-native English-speaking cadets and qualified personnel who are studying for professional qualifications at nautical colleges and naval establishments throughout the world where the medium of English is used.
The course consists of 14 units:
1 Shipping VIII Main engines
11 Ship types IX Auxiliary machinery
III Ship construction X Maintenance
IV Manning XI Safety aboard
V Seamanship XII Communications at sea
VI Cargo work XIII Radio communications
VII Navigation XIV Shipboard electronics
Each unit covers language work relevant to the topic of that unit. Answers to the exercises and tapescripts of lectures are given in the Appendices.
The course is therefore suitable for students studying to become, or studying for further qualifications as Deck, Engineer, or Radio Officers in warships and merchant vessels. The first four units and units X and XI cover topics relevant to all departments. If time is limited, it is possible to work through the six units mentioned above plus those relevant to the student’s particular department. However, this is a language course and there are useful structures and vocabulary to be learnt by working through all the units. At the same time some knowledge of aspects of work in other departments would be gained. This would be particularly beneficial for students at the preselection stage.
The course is designed to be used either in the classroom with a teacher or by students individually on a self-study basis. Instructions and notes to guide the teacher and student are given below and throughout the course.

CONTENTS

Acknowledgements x
Introduction xi
UNIT I Shipping
Reading comprehension (A) How merchant ships operate (version 1) 1
Grammar (A) Quantifiers 2
(B) Logical connectives (i) and, or, but 4
Reading comprehension (B) How merchant ships operate (version 2) 6
Applied terminology (A) Terms relating to shapes 7
(B) Measurement (i) General dimensions 9
Guided writing (A) Description of buoys 10
Note-taking practice Abbreviations 11
Lecture: Buoyage 12
Guided writing (B) Buoyage 14
UNIT II Ship Types
Reading comprehension (A) Types of merchant ship (version 1) 15
Grammar (A) Articles {)the, a, an, zero articlc 19
(B) Logical connectives (ii) because, therefore, however 21
Reading comprehension (B) Types of merchant ship (version 2) 22
Applied terminology (A) Terms relating to a ship 23
Terms relating to the hull surface 24
(B) Measurement (ii) Ship’s dimensions 25
Guided writing (A) Description of different types of warship 26
Note-taking practice Symbols, omissions 28
Lecture: Special duty vessels 29
Guided writing (B) Special duty vessels 31
v
vi Contents
UNIT III Ship Construction
Reading comprehension (A) Building ships 32
Grammar (A) Passives 33
(B) Time relaters (i) Sequence words, first, next, etc. 35
Time clauses: after, before 35
Reduced time clauses: after being.... 36
Reading comprehension (B) Building ships (cont.) 36
Applied terminology (A) Terms relating to the hull 40
Terms relating to superstructure 41
(B) Measurement (iii) Displacement 42
Guided writing (A) Description of building a ship’s hull 43
Note-taking practice Ordering, layout 44
Lecture: Improvements in cargo ship design 45
Guided writing (B) Improvements in cargo ship design 46
UNIT IV Manning
Reading comprehension (A) The organization of a ship’s crew 47
Grammar (A) Function 48
(B) Time relaters (ii) Simultaneous time: when, while, as 49
Reading comprehension (B) The Deck Department 51
Applied terminology (A) Terms relating to position in a ship 53
(B) Measurement (iv) Time at sea 56
Guided writing (A) Description of the Engine Department 58
Note-taking practice Substitutes, compounds 59
Lecture: General Purpose Manning 60
Guided writing (B) General Purpose Manning 62
UNITV Seamanship
Reading comprehension (A) Ship handling 63
Grammar (A) Articles (ii) the, zero article with geographical names 65
(B) Time relaters (iii) after, when, while, on, during, until 66
Reading comprehension (B) Ship handling (cont.) 67
Applied terminology (A) Terms relating to a ship’s movement 70
(B) Measurement (v) Depth 71
Guided writing (A) Description of weighing anchor 72
Note-taking practice New vocabulary 74
Lecture: Different types of rope 74
Guided writing (B) Different types of rope 76
Contents vii
UNITVI Cargo Work
Reading comprehension (A) Different types of cargo (version 1) 77
Grammar (A) Prepositions of place (i) 82
(B) Relative clauses (i) 84
Reading comprehension (B) Different types of cargo (version 2) 85
Applied terminology (A) Terms relating to cargo-handling gear 87
Terms relating to hatchways 88
(B) Measurement (vi) Tonnage 89
Guided writing (A) Description of general cargo 90
N ote-taking practice Mai n points 91
Lecture: Advantages and disadvantages of containerization 91
Guided writing (B) Advantages and disadvantages of containerization 94
UNIT V!I Navigation
Reading comprehension (A) Navigating techniques and instruments 95
Grammar (A) Prepositions of place (ii) 98
(B) Relative clauses (ii) 100
Reading comprehension (B) Electronic aids to navigation 102
Applied terminology (A) Terms relating to compass cards 104
Position in relation to a ship 105
(B) Measurement (vii) Distance, Speed 106
Guided writing (A) Description of a voyage 107
Note-taking practice Specialized abbreviations and symbols 108
Lecture: Shipping forecast 108
Guided writing (B) Description of weather conditions 113
UNIT VIII Main Engines
Reading comprehension (A) Different types of marine engine 114
Grammar (A) Causal verbs 116
(B) Cause and effect 117
Reading comprehension (B) Two-stroke and four-stroke cycles 119
Applied terminology (A) Terms relating to main engines 121
(B) Measurement (viii) SI system 124
Guided writing (A) Description of an engine governor 125
Note-taking practice Symbols for intensification or reduction 127
Lecture: Boilers 128
Guided writing (B) Boilers 129
viii Contents
UNIT IX Auxiliary Machinery
Reading comprehension (A) Functions of auxiliary machinery 131
Grammar (A) Change of state verbs 132
(B) Comparisons 133
Reading comprehension (B) Fuel oil system 135
Applied terminology (A) Terms relating to ancillary services 136
(B) Measurement (ix) SI system (cont.) 137
Guided writing (A) Description of types of pump 139
Note-taking practice Mathematical symbols 142
Guided writing (B) Description of one piece of auxiliary machinery 143
UNITX Maintenance
Reading comprehension (A) Maintenance on board 144
Grammar (A) Noun compounds 145
(B) Purpose links 147
Reading comprehension (B) Fault chart 148
Applied terminology (A) Terms relating to maintenance 150
(B) Measurement (x) Number compounds 151
Guided writing (A) Description of causes of cylinder liner wear 152
Note-taking practice Lecture: Maintenance schedule of marine diesel engine 153
Guided writing (B) Description of the maintenance programme for a
marine diesel engine 155
UNIT XI Safety Aboard
Reading comprehension (A) Collision Regulations 1977 (extracts) 156
Grammar (A) Obligation 158
(B) Conditionals 160
Reading comprehension (B) Code of Safe Working Practices (extracts) 161
Applied terminology (A) Terms relating to life-saving appliances 163
Terms relating to lifeboats 164
(B) Measurement (xi) Rope 165
Guided writing (A) Description of lowering a lifeboat 166
Note-taking practice Ticking items on a list 167
Guided writing (B) Answering questions on fires 168
UNIT XII Communications at Sea
Reading comprehension (A) List of reading techniques practised 169
Grammar (A) Modal expressions of ccrtainty 170
(B) Non-finite clauses 171
Contents IX
Reading comprehension (B) Communications at sea 173
Applied terminology (A) Terms relating radiotelephone procedures 175
(B) Measurement (xii) Frequency 177
Guided writing (A) Description of radio communication system 178
Note-taking practice Phonetic Alphabet 180
Lecture: Authorities giving aid to ships and aircraft 181
Guided writing (B) Authorities giving aid to ships and aircraft 181
UNITXf 11 Radio Communications
Reading comprehension (A) Radio communications 182
Grammar (A) Message types 185
(B) Message patterns 186
Reading comprehension (B) VHF Procedures 189
Applied terminology (A) Terms relating to VHF communications 193
(B) Measurement (xiii) Transmission of measurements
and quantities 196
Guided writing (A) Kccpingthc radiotelephone log 198
Note-taking practice Radio telegrams 201
Guided writing (B) Writing up a radiotelephone log 203
UNITXIVShipboard Electronics
Reading comprehension (A) Description of a Marine VHF FM Transmitter 205
Grammar (A) Describing component parts, position and connection 207
(B) Instructions 209
Reading comprehension (B) The echo sounder 211
Applied terminology (A) Terms relating to circuit diagrams 214
(B) Measurement (xiv) acwaveforms 216
Guided writing (A) Description of marine VHFFMreceiver 219
Note-taking practice Lecture: A VHF transceiver 220
Guided writing (B) Description of an Argonaut S transceiver 222
APPENDIX I Key to Exercises 223
APPENDIX II Tapescripts of Lectures
271

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The author and publisher would like to thank the following for their kind permission to reproduce extracts and photographs:
United Arab Shipping Company, S.A.G.: general cargo carrier; container ship.
Ben Line: dry bulk carrier; liquid bulk carrier; containers being loaded; general cargo carrier; loading a bus; unloading coal.
P&O Ferries: ferry.
Henry Robb Ltd., Shipbuilders, Leith: grab dredger; stockyard; preparation shop;
prefabrication shop; building berth.
B.P. Oil Ltd.: tanker.
Forth Ports Authority: dry bulk carrier unloading.
The Motor Ship Journal (IPC Business Press Ltd.): fold-out diagram of general cargo carrier.
Marconi International Marine Company Ltd.: radio room, Marconigram.
Her Majesty’s Stationery Office: Collision Regulations and Distress Signals and Code of Safe Working Practices for the Safety of Merchant Seamen.
John Grant-Robertson (GR Language Services): navigating instruments; gyro compass; sextant; magnetic compass; stockyard; preparation shop; prefabrication shop; building berth; dry bulk carrier unloading.
The Royal Navy: nuclear submarine; modern destroyer.
Grateful thanks to Captain Peter Young, Eric H. Glendinning, Rosalind Grant-Robertson and the students of the Edinburgh Language Foundation and Leith Nautical College for their help and assistance in making this work possible. Also to Thomas E. Scambler, Keith Mitchell, Captain B. Farrell and Captain F. Weeks for their help in the preparation of this second edition.

INTRODUCTION

The course assumes an intermediate knowledge of English and is therefore not suitable for complete beginners. If the student is following an English language course at a language school before going on to nautical college, English for Maritime Studies can be used in conjunction with a general English language course at intermediate or post-intermediate level.
What the course aims to do
The course aims to provide a stepping-stone to enable a student to cross from an intermediate knowledge of general English to a position where he can handle the sort of text books and instruction he will meet at college and on board ship.
In order to help the student, the course aims to develop within themes relevant to maritime studies reading skills, writing skills, communicating skills and note-taking skills. It also aims to build up the student’s vocabulary of nautical and technical terms. In addition to this, it is hoped that by working through the course the student will gain a general knowledge of ships and shipping, which he may not already have.
Each unit offers about 8-10 hours work and is divided into seven sections:
Using the course
Reading comprehension (A)
This aims to develop the ability to understand the sort of texts students will meet at college. The approach to comprehension is first to activate any knowledge the student may have of a subject before he reads about it. This is done by getting the student to consider questions, pictures or diagrams before he starts to read the text. By bringing relevant ideas and words to the forefront of the student’s mind (even in his own language) and by raising certain expectations, he will be in a better position to comprehend the overall structure of a passage and to understand the meaning of important words in their context. After reading the passage the student is often asked, as a check to comprehension, to complete a summary outline of the passage. This attention to the structure of passages will help him later, when he comes to write his own descriptions. Other exercises are also given. At this stage, the concern is more for comprehension of overall structure and the main ideas, rather than every single word.
Grammar
This looks in more detail at words and structures used in the reading passage, or which will be used in the next section to form a more developed reading passage. This section aims at developing a knowledge of certain aspects of grammar that will be
Introduction xiii
useful for both reading and writing English. In particular, the (B) part examines the different ways statements can be linked to form more complex statements.
Reading comprehension (B)
The concern here is to examine more closely how words work in order to make a coherent and meaningful piece of English. The words and structures examined in the Grammar sections are used in the reading passages to show how they work in texts and exercises are given to check that the student has understood their meaning and uses. Exercises are also given to help the student realize how sentences and paragraphs are linked on a grammatical and semantic basis to give a passage coherence and unity. This insight will also help him with his writing. In order to show that passages raise questions as well as answer them, the student is sometimes asked to use his imagination to try and answer questions not answered in the text. It is hoped that these questions will stimulate discussion and a desire for further reading.
Applied terminology
This aims to build up some of the vocabulary the student will need in his particular area of study. The number of nautical and technical terms is enormous and only some have been given here. These have been chosen because of their relevance to the topic of the unit in which they appear. In the same way, part (B) deals with the language of measurement relevant to that unit.
Guided writing (A)
This is for the student to use the words and structures he has learnt in a guided composition. He is guided in how to put statements together to form more complex sentences and taught how to give his composition an overall structure. It is hoped that by the end of the course, the student will be in a better position to write essays for college work and examinations.
Note-taking practice
This is aimed at training the student to take meaningful notes during lectures and lessons. At each stage, new techniques are introduced and thoroughly practised, before the student is exposed to a short lecture. The practices and lectures are recorded on cassette and the tapescripts can be found in Appendix II at the back of the book. The listening and note-taking tasks are explained in each section. The
symbol CIO marks where the cassette should be used. As comprehension is an essential part of note-taking, it is hoped that the skills practised in the reading passages will be further developed here. The note-taking lectures also give further opportunity for increasing the student’s knowledge of his subject.
xiv Introduction
Guided writing (B)
This gives the student the opportunity of putting the notes he has taken in the previous section to practical and meaningful use. It will also give him the opportunity of seeing how adequate his notes are. By turning to the tapescripts, he will be able to compare his composition with the original.
How the course might be supplemented
The course itself can be made more instructive by using pictures, photographs, slides, diagrams and realia to help with vocabulary and supplementary language work. These can be chosen for their relevance to the topic of each unit. If possible, visits to ports and shipyards can be geared to units in order to underline the practicality of the course and increase general knowledge of ships and shipping.
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