zxc ® 28-Aug-2013 14:43

The Complete Chief Officer

Year: 2010
Language: english
Author: by Captain Michael Lloyd FNI
Publisher: Witherby Seamanship
ISBN: 978-1-85609-359-0
Format: PDF
Quality: eBook
Number of pages: 220
Description: The Chief Officer is basically a day-to-day man, directly concerned with what actually is and letting
those higher up the food chain worry about the future. If recently promoted, you will have moved
from junior officer to senior officer and, apart from a larger cabin, should have an office, or at least
a desk, and a dramatic shift in responsibility. Theoretically, you are Chief Officer because those
operating the ship deemed you worthy and knowledgeable enough for this position. In reality, it
may be that there was no one else around! Regardless of the 'how', here you are and the
successful operation of the ship is considerably dependent on you.
Given adequate manning, the proper equipment, good departmental officers and a supportive
Captain, the Chief Officer's job can be the best job afloat. Unfortunately, very few will have the
manning levels required to maintain and operate the ship properly and efficiently. Your equipment
could be poorly cared for. Your department could be of poor ability and your Captain not as you
would wish. But it is your job to surmount these obstacles and ensure that the ship is efficient In all
aspects where you have jurisdiction.
Regardless of what you walk into, you are still the Mate of the ship and your success will depend
not only on your abilities, but also your attitude. It is a position that requires you to lead from the
front. For any problem not involving the engines, you are the person that others will come to and,
in some mysterious way, you are expected to solve it. You are the fixer and you must do all you
can to keep the job moving.
Inevitably throughout this book, your relationship with the Captain will frequently be referred to.
In the past, I have heard Chief Officers say that they "didn't care what the Captain thought as
they worked for the company not for him". Do not make this grave error. You work for the
company through him and, if he were to decide, his seniority may mean that you might have to
start looking for another job. Don't forget the other Captains in the company are his colleagues
and quick e-mails can assure you of a hot reception on the other ships in the fleet.
The greatest asset to the position of Chief Officer, apart from confidence, is common sense. You
are not required or expected to have every finger a marlin spike, or have an affinity with parrots
or rum. If you do your best for the Captain and the ship, you will be the Chief Officer most
companies and Captains want to have running their ships.
You will feel the scrutiny of your presentation and actions.


2 Your Company
II you have the luxury of your choice of company or ship type, think carefully about the
experience you want to gain in the pursuit of your future career. If you intend hanging on a few
years to get your Master's certificate or get a few more years experience and go ashore, by all
means jump on a cruise ship and have a last few years of fun.
On the other hand, if you are interested in increasing your seamanship experience and
professional abilities before choosing your seagoing career path or looking for promotion to
Master on ability, you should look further afield. Don't be wary of trying something different as
this is the time that you will really begin In Immerse yourself in your profession. Of course, you
cannot go immediately onto a sophisticated ship such as a gas carrier as Chief Officer without
previous experience and the necessary cargo endorsements, but there is nothing wrong In
signing on as a second officer for a few voyages. In other words, don't be too anxious to become
Chief Officer if you would like to move around for a while.
Strangely enough you can, without any previous experience, go onto what are recognised as the
most dangerous ships afloat, ie bulk carriers. Be very careful!
Another question that will affect your choice of ship is what you want out of your career If you
want financial rewards and to enjoy yourself on leave rather than seeing the world, then tankers
or gas carriers are for you. These are like floating factories, generally owned by well-regulated
companies with good leave
Capesize bulker - No previous experience required - apply within.
and pay conditions but rigidly controlled from ashore. On the other hand, if you want to live a
lifestyle like that ashore, have fun and be paid for it, then cruise ships are for you. If you want
seamanship, promotion on ability, the chance of adventure, or at least a more interesting way of
life and to see the world, then the companies operating differing ships on worldwide trades or
the specialist areas such as support ships, salvage and ship delivery might be your choice.
Obviously there are many more types of ships to consider. All I am suggesting is that, these
days, the company is not from birth to death. While in the past they could choose you, at the
moment you can choose them. Make the most of this as it is unlikely to last.
We must now assume that you do have some familiarity with the job you are going to do. Promotion
from within will have been the easier course as you and the company are known quantities,
although this can work both ways.
Regardless of the company, they all operate from a head office, although whether you ever see this
depends on your position where you are employed. If the head office is thousands of miles away
you could be employed through a regional office, or you may live on the Indian sub-continent and
be employed by an agency, in which case you will be flown directly to the ship.
It is to be hoped that the company will have looked at your CV and found the experience that
they wanted, but do not depend on this.
I remember being sent out to do a deep sea tow with no experience whatsoever. When I pointed out to the
company that they advertised the experience of their crews, their answer was, "what the charterers did not know
would not hurt them" and that I would pick it up on the way. I arrived at the ship to meet a Captain quite rightly
irate at my inexperience, and was faced with a brand new 9 inch tow wire still wrapped in burlap and with no eye
splice, and the tow starting in 24 hours. We pulled the tucks through with a 5 ton winch, even putting in a
Liverpool tuck, served and parcelled it and away we went. I am pleased to say that, after a few
incidents when I was more a hindrance than a help, all went well and when we uncoupled the
splice it was as good as new. In other words, I got away with it.
The moral of the tale is to be sensible. If the company or agency employing you is sending
you out to do a job that you have never done or been trained for, and if that job could cause
danger to life by your lack of knowledge, look elsewhere. I w a s stupid to have gone on a
deep sea towing ship as Mate without experience ни I might well have felt the same anger as
that Master if I had been in his position. However, if you are told that you are joining a
container ship but find yourself on a heavy lift vessel, there is not much you can do except
explain the position and hopefully lean heavily on the Master.
There are companies that tend to engage in social experimentation, almost as if their
seafarers were animals in a laboratory. New equipment must always be accepted, new
methods often go together with new ships, but too many seafarers
suffer trying to implement social policies that do not work, causing problems, both
professional and personal, on the ships.
Looking back over the years, I remember the disaster of joining all the crew and officers in one
bar in a well known tanker company. Another company tried abandoning uniforms and the title
of Captain, instead using 'ship manager', yet another failure. At the moment, a tanker company
is trying 'dual command' and a large company is attempting to ban alcohol. Both of these
experiments are causing problems with administration and morale.
What happens on your next trip could well be a surprise.
Find out if your company is relatively conventional in leaving well alone and if your
responsibilities are the traditionally accepted ones, ie that you are the responsible head of the
deck department. If you discover, for example, that the Chief Engineer is in charge of all
maintenance and you are responsible to him, you must decide whether or not you need the job
badly enough.
Check your contract and make sure that your medical care and repatriation are taken care of
and clarify the compassionate leave policy if there is one. Find out what currency your pay is
in. In these days of fluctuating currency rates it is far better to have your pay in your own
home currency at an agreed exchange rate, so that your pay remains steady throughout
your employment.
It might seem a small point, but find out the standard of hotels the company puts their senior
officers in. There is a good chance that you will have some time in a hotel when either joining or
leaving the vessel, and you don't want to find yourself in a dockside doss house. It is also a very
good indicator of how they regard you. If you know the company's policy, when the agent on
arrival takes you to a mud hut by the railway track instead of the Holiday Inn, pocketing the
difference, you can threaten to contact the company. This is a widespread racket, with shipping
companies often being blamed for treating their crews badly when it is a corrupt practice
worked by the agencies. Occasionally even the agency doesn't know what their employees are
up to.
You will have some tell-tale signs about the quality of the company before you reach the gangway.
I was once sent to join a ship and taken to a grubby little hotel and told that this was the standard one. The
shipping company concerned was a decent one that would never have ordered this so I installed myself in a
better hotel and next morning joined the ship. On advising the Captain of what had happened,
and after hearing the complaints from other officers who had suffered the same experience, he
advised the company of the situation. They found that they were being billed for far superior
hotels and immediately started proceedings that uncovered a large-scale racket being worked
by the employees of quite a large agency.
Finally, get the personnel manager's mobile number so that, if anything goes лито during
travel, you can contact him immediately.


The Complete Chief Officer
Authors Introduction
1. The Chief Officer 1
2. Your Company 3
3. Joining the Ship 8
3.1 Questions for the Chief Officer 9
3.2 Checking Around the Ship 10
3.3 The Bridge 14
4. Departure 15
4.1 ETD 15
4.2 Departure Day 16
4.3 Trim 17
4.4 Cargo Completion 17
4.5 Bridge Equipment 19
4.6 Testing Engines 19
4.7 Stowaway Search 20
4.8 Crew Onboard 21
4.9 Securing for Sea 21
4.10 Departure 23
5. Head of Deck Department 26
5.1 The Ratings 26
5.2 Head of Discipline 27
5.3 Second in Command 28
5.4 Chief Cargo Officer 28
5.5 Accommodation 29
5.6 Safety 29
5.7 ISM 29
5.8 Navigation 29
5.9 Medical 29
5.10 Security 30
5.11 Training 30
5.12 Entertainment 30
5.13 Stability and Trim 30
5.14 Garbage Disposal 31
5.15 Water King 31
5.16 Enhanced Hull Survey 34
6. The Chief Seaman of the Ship 35
6.1 Ship Knowledge 35
6.2 Boats and Boatwork 39
6.3 Boat Maintenance 42
6.4 Boat Stores and Equipment 42
Sharlay George
7. Steel Preparation and Paint 44
7.1 Costs 44
7.2 Surface Preparation 45
7.3 Hand Tools 45
7.4 Power Tools 45
7.5 Blast Cleaning 45
7.6 Paint 46
7.7 Types of Paint 46
7.8 Painting 47
7.9 Safety Precautions for the Paint Locker 49
8. Ropes and Wires 50
8.1 Manila Rope 51
8.2 Sisal Rope 51
8.3 Nylon Rope 51
8.4 Polypropylene Rope 51
8.5 Wire Ropes 52
8.6 Wire Rope Cores 52
8.7 Uncoiling 53
8.8 Handling 53
8.9 Care and Inspection 53
9. Heavy Weather 54
9.1 At Sea 54
9.2 In Port 56
10. Freezing Conditions 59
10.1 Preparation and Precautions 59
10.2 De-icing Tools 63
10.3 Crew Clothing 64
10.4 Damage Control 64
10.5 Cargo Work in Ice Conditions 66
11. Relationships 67
11.1 You and the Company 67
11.2 You and the Captain 68
11.3 You and the Chief Engineer 68
11.4 You and your Deck Officers 68
11.5 You and the Bosun 70
11.6 You and the Crew 71
11.7 Confidential Reports 73
12. The Chief Officer and the Captain 74
12.1 Support 74
12.2 Advising the Captain 75
12.3 Second in Command 76
12.4 Keeping the Captain Informed 78
12.5 Running your Department 79
12.6 Managing your Captain 80
12.7 Preparing for Command 82
12.8 Conflict 83
Sharlay George
13. Stowaways 86
14. Piracy 88
15. Passengers 89
16. The Workforce 92
16.1 The ILO Convention on Hours of Work 92
16.2 Working Hours 93
16.3 Overtime 94
16.4 Planning the Work 95
16.5 Safety at Work 96
16.6 Planned Maintenance 97
16.7 Cross Departmental Maintenance 98
16.8 PPE 99
16.9 PPE Maintenance 99
16.10 Working with the Crew 99
17. Training 101
17.1 Rules of the Road 103
18. Fatigue 104
18.1 The Effects of Fatigue 104
18.2 Safe Working Ethics 105
19. Leadership and Attitude 107
19.1 Delegation 107
19.2 Morale 108
20. Accommodation and Catering 110
20.1 The Accommodation 111
20.2 Cleanliness 112
20.3 Bedding 113
20.4 The Messrooms 114
20.5 The Galley 115
20.6 Infestation 116
21. Safety 118
21.1 ISM 119
21.2 The Paper Chase 120
21.3 Safety Officer 121
21.4 Safety Meetings 122
21.5 Muster Lists 123
21.6 Drills 124
21.7 Boat Drills 125
21.8 Survival Suits 125 21.8 Man Overboard Drills
21.10 Fire Drills 127
21.11 First Aid Drills 12B
22. Stores and Storing 129
22.1 Tools 130
22.2 Power Tools 131
22.3 Disposable Items 131
22.4 A Storekeeper 132
Sharlay George
22.5 The Running Inventory 132
22.6 Stores Ordering 132
22.7 Storing Procedures 133
23. Bridge Duties 134
23.1 Watchkeeping 134
23.2 Lookouts 136
23.3 The Deck Logbook 139
24. Alcohol 140
24.1 Bars 140
24.2 Record Keeping of Alcohol Consumption 140
24.3 The Behaviour of those in the Bar, and Guests 140
24.4 The Crew Bar 141
24.5 Mixing 141
24.6 Bringing Alcohol Onboard 141
24.7 Banning Alcohol 141
25. Discipline 143
25.1 Warnings 144
25.2 Serious Offences 145
25.3 Disobedience 145
25.4 Theft 145
25.5 Assault 146
25.6 Drunkenness 148
25.7 Drugs 150
25.8 Bullying 151
26. Enclosed Space Entry 152
26.1 Enhanced Survey Programme 154
27. Communication 157
27.1 With the Office 157
27.2 With the Captain 157
27.3 With the Crew 157
27.4 With the Officers 158
28. Port Preparation 159
28.1 Planning 159
28.2 Cargo 159
28.3 Stores 160
28.4 Port Work 161
28.5 Medical 161
28.6 Official Visitors 161
28.7 Fresh Water arid Garbage 162
29. Ballast Water Management 163
30. Anchor Work 166
30.1 Maintenance 166
30.2 Anchor Procedures 169
30.3 Walking out the Anchor 170
30.4 Heaving Anchor 171
Sharlay George
31. Port Arrival 172
31.1 Pilot Embarkation and Disembarkation 172
31.2 Deck Preparation 173
31.3 Cargo Preparation 174
31.4 Mooring 174
31.5 Watchkeeping 176
31.6 Visitors 176
31.7 Security 177
31.8 Gangway Watch 178
31.9 People you do not want to see 179
31.10 People you do want to see 180
32. The Gangway 181
32.1 Gangway Maintenance 182
33. Port Responsibilities 184
33.1 Chief Officer's Port Standing Orders 185
33.2 Shifting Ship 187
33.3 Garbage Disposal 188
34. Pollution 189
34.1 Bunkering 19°
35. Surveys 191
36. Cargo Operations 192
36.1 The Cargo Log and your Daily Instructions 192
37. Cargo and Cargo Terms I94
37.1 Mate's Receipt 194
37.2 Bill of Lading (B/L) 194
37.3 Deadfreight 195
37.4 Laytime 195
37.5 Demurrage 195
37.6 Notice of Readiness (NoR) 195
37.7 On-Hire, Off-Hire 195
37.8 Cargo Stowage 196
37.9 Stevedore Damage 197
37.10 Stopping the Cargo Operations 198
38. Cargo Safety 199
38.1 General 199
38.2 Tankers 200
38.3 Bulk 201
38.4 General Cargo 201
38.5 Deck Cargo 202
39. Cargo Holds 205
39.1 The Testing of Hatch Covers 206
39.2 Hatch Repair 207
39.3 Monthly Check of Hatches 208
39.4 Ladders 208
39.5 Lighting 209
39.6 Completion of Loading or Discharge 209
Sharlay George
40. Insurance 211
40.1 P&l Clubs 212
40.2 Accidents and Accident Prevention 213
41. Dry Docking 215
41.1 Dry Dock Safety Meeting 216
41.2 In the Dry Dock 217
41.3 Dry Dock Safety and Security 218
41.4 Anchors 219
41.5 Completion 219
Letter to a New Chief Officer 221
Rating: 5 / 5 (Votes: 47)
sitx 28-Feb-2014 08:30
уууеее давно искал эту книжку, спс большое
надеюсь она будет полезна
GOOGLE BOT 15-Jun-2015 09:32
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