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Accident prevention on board ship at sea and in port


Year: 2006
Language: english
Author: ILO
Genre: Manual
Publisher: ILO
Edition: 4
ISBN: 92-2-109450-2
Format: PDF
Quality: Scanned pages + text layer
Pages count: 211
Description: In accordance with the decision taken by the Governing Body of the ILO at its 254th Session (November 1992), a Meeting of Experts was convened in Geneva from 28 September to 5 October 1993 to revise the ILO Code of Practice on Accident Prevention on Board Ship at Sea and in Port. The Meeting was composed of 15 experts, five appointed following consultations with governments, five following consultations with the Employers' group and five following consultations with the Workers' group of the Governing Body.1 After examining and finalizing the text, based on a draft prepared by the Office, the experts adopted this code.
The experts considered that the code of practice constituted a body of advice which would be of great value to ILO member States. The code should not be regarded as a legally binding instrument, and was not intended to supersede national laws or regulations or other national safety and health rules. Its practical recommendations are intended for use by all those who have responsibility for safety and health on board ship. Its object is to provide guidance to shipowners and seafarers and others concerned with the framing of provisions of this kind in both the public and private sectors.

Contents

Contents
Preface V
1. General provisions 1
1.1. Objective 1
1.2. Application 1
1.3. General definitions 2
2. General duties and responsibilities 4
2.1. General duties of the competent authority of flag States ... . 4
2.2. General duties and responsibilities of competent authorities
other than the flag State 7
2.3. General duties and responsibilities of shipowners 7
2.4. General duties and responsibilities of the master 12
2.5. General duties and responsibilities of seafarers 14
2.6. General duties and responsibilities of the shipboard safety and
health committee 16
2.7. General duties and responsibilities of the safety officer ... . 17
2.8. General duties and responsibilities of the safety representative(s)
18
3. Reporting of accidents 20
3.1. General provisions 20
4. Permit-to-work systems 21
4.1. General provisions 21
5. General shipboard safety and health considerations 22
5.1. Shipboard housekeeping and personal health and hygiene . . 22
5.2. Use of chemicals 25
5.3. Fire prevention 26
5.4. Working clothes and personal protective equipment 28
5.5. Signs, notices and colour codes 32
6. Shipboard emergencies and emergency equipment 34
6.1. General provisions 34
6.2. Fire-fighting equipment, drills and training 35
IX
Accident prevention on board ship
6.3. Abandon ship drills and training 38
6.4. Helicopter operations 40
6.5. Man overboard and rescue at sea 41
6.6. Other drills 42
7. Carriage of dangerous goods 44
7.1. General provisions 44
7.2. Special precautions 46
7.3. Additional sources of information 48
8. Safe access to ship 50
8.1. Means of access to ship 50
8.2. Ship's accommodation ladders and gangways 52
8.3. Portable ladders 53
8.4. Pilot ladders 54
8.5. Transport of persons by water 54
9. Safe movement about the ship 55
9.1. General provisions 55
9.2. Passageways and walkways 55
9.3. Watertight doors 56
9.4. Lighting 57
9.5. Protection around cargo hatches and other deck openings . . 57
9.6. Access to holds and other spaces 58
9.7. Drainage 58
10. Entering and working in enclosed or confined spaces 59
10.1. General provisions 59
10.2. Precautions on entering dangerous spaces 60
10.3. Duties and responsibilities of a competent person and of a
responsible officer 60
10.4. Preparing and securing the space for entry 61
10.5. Testing the atmosphere of confined and enclosed spaces .. . 62
10.6. Use of a permit-to-work system 63
10.7. Procedures and arrangements before entry 63
10.8. Procedures and arrangements during entry 64
10.9. Additional requirements for entry into a space where the atmosphere
is suspect or known to be unsafe 65
X
Contents
10.10. Breathing apparatus and resuscitation equipment 67
10.11. Maintenance of equipment and training 68
11. Manual lifting and carrying 70
11.1. General provisions 70
12. Tools and materials 72
12.1. General provisions 72
12.2. Hand tools 72
12.3. Portable electric, pneumatic and hydraulic tools 72
12.4. Workshop and bench machines (fixed installations) 73
12.5. Abrasive wheels 74
12.6. Spirit lamps 75
12.7. Compressed air 75
12.8. Compressed gas cylinders 76
13. Welding, flame-cutting and other hot work 77
13.1. General provisions 77
13.2. Personal protective equipment 77
13.3. Precautions against fire, explosions and non-life-supporting
environments 78
13.4. Electric welding equipment 79
13.5. Precautions to be taken during electric-arc welding 79
13.6. Flame-cutting and brazing 80
14. Painting 81
14.1. General provisions 81
14.2. Spraying 81
14.3. Painting aloft and working over the side 82
15. Working aloft and over the side 83
15.1. General provisions 83
15.2. Cradles and stages 84
15.3. Bosun's chairs 85
15.4. Ropes 85
15.5. Portable ladders 86
15.6. Rope ladders 86
15.7. Working over the side from punts 87
XI
Accident prevention on board ship
16. Working with electricity and electrical equipment 88
16.1. General provisions 88
16.2. Wandering leads, portable lights, electric tools and other movable
equipment 92
16.3. High-voltage systems 93
16.4. Rectifiers and electronic equipment 94
16.5. Radio communication equipment 94
16.6. Batteries and battery rooms 95
16.7. Work with visual display units (VDUs), including microcomputers
96
17. Working with dangerous and irritating substances and radiations 97
17.1. General provisions 97
17.2. Work with unsaturated polyesters 98
17.3. Work with adhesives 98
17.4. Removing insulation, paint and other coatings 98
17.5. Work with asbestos 99
17.6. Work with man-made mineral fibres 99
17.7. Radio and radar installations 100
17.8. Ionizing radiations 100
18. Upkeep of wire and fibre ropes 101
18.1. General provisions 101
18.2. Wire ropes 102
18.3. Fibre ropes 103
19. Anchoring, docking and mooring 106
19.1. General provisions 106
19.2. Anchoring 106
19.3. Characteristics of man-made fibre ropes used for mooring or
towing 107
19.4. Mooring and unmooring 108
19.5. Mooring to buoys 109
20. Working on deck or in cargo spaces 110
20.1. General provisions 110
20.2. Cargo operations 110
20.3. Lifting gear 113
20.4. Use of slings 114
20.5. Pulley blocks 116
XII
20.6. Hooks 116
20.7. Shackles 117
20.8. Working on deck while ship is at sea 117
20.9. Heavy weather 117
20.10. Working in hatches and holds 118
21. Working in machinery spaces 119
21.1. General provisions 119
21.2. Boilers, unfired pressure vessels and steam pipes 124
21.3. Propulsion machinery 126
21.4. Turbines 126
21.5. Internal combustion engines 127
21.6. Air compressors and reservoirs 127
21.7. Refrigeration systems 127
21.8. Oil-based systems 128
21.9. Steering gear 128
21.10. Control-room operation and unattended machinery spaces . . 128
21.11. Hydraulic systems 130
22. Working in galleys, pantries and other food handling areas 131
22.1. Loading and storing provisions 131
22.2. Preparation of food 132
22.3. Work in galleys, pantries and serving food 135
23. Safety in living accommodation 139
23.1. General provisions 139
23.2. Laundering appliances 140
23.3. Physical fitness rooms 141
23.4. Swimming-pools 141
23.5. Sewage systems 141
24. Specific vessel types 144
24.1. General provisions 144
24.2. Bulk carriers and carriage of bulk cargoes 146
24.3. Container ships 148
24.4. Ro-Ros (roll-on/roll-off vessels) and vehicle and passenger
ferries 151
24.5. Oil tankers 155
24.6. Bulk chemical tankers 157
Accident prevention on board ship
24.7. Liquefied natural and petroleum gas carriers 159
24.8. Passenger vessels 160
24.9. Offshore support vessels 164
Appendices
I. Permit-to-work form 175
II. References and further reading 178
III. ISO standards 187
Index 189

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