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Fuels Without Carbon Prospects and the Pathway Forward for Zero-Carbon Hydrogen and Ammonia Fuels

Year: 2018
Language: english
Author: CATF
Genre: Research papers
Format: PDF
Quality: eBook
Pages count: 16
Description: Because the world depends—and will continue to depend—on portable, storable, affordable,
energy-dense fuels, the development of zero-carbon fuel is crucial to decarbonizing the power and
transportation sectors and to climate change mitigation. Two of the most promising zero-carbon fuel
options are hydrogen (H2) and ammonia (NH3).
Hydrogen and ammonia can be produced and converted into energy through processes that emit
zero greenhouse gases. The production of hydrogen and ammonia is massively scalable. Hydrogen
and ammonia are highly flexible as energy products—they can be produced and used in a variety
of ways—and they are likely to be cost-competitive with incumbent petroleum fuels. The health, air
pollution, and safety risks associated with hydrogen and ammonia fuel need more analysis—but they
appear to be comparable to the risks associated with other more commonplace fuels, and
similarly manageable.
Hydrogen and ammonia could also play important roles in addressing several confounding
decarbonization challenges, including the short- and long-term storage of excess energy generated
by wind and solar installations.
Public and private sector initiatives must be established to analyze the opportunities and challenges
that hydrogen and ammonia present, to educate a range of audiences about the possible benefits and
risks, to design and advocate for appropriately supportive policies, and to engage with key energy
and mobility companies.



Rating: 4.9 / 5 (Votes: 11)

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