SKM ® 17-Nov-2020 17:25

COVID-19 – Impact on Shipping


Year: 2020
Language: english
Author: European Maritime Safety Agency
Genre: Research papers
Publisher: European Maritime Safety Agency
Format: PDF
Quality: eBook
Pages count: 20
Description: The recent and on-going global outbreak of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) has had a major impact on global
shipping, affecting all shipping sectors from passenger ships to container ships and oil tankers. The coronavirus
crisis escalated to unprecedented levels in Europe in March, with a severe impact on health, people and economy.
Many countries have responded to the pandemic by imposing lockdowns or restricting movement. Since the start of
the COVID19 crisis, the Commission, the Member States and the shipping industry have been taking measures to
ensure the continuity of operations and thus the security of supply.
Coronavirus is an ongoing situation that is evolving day by day and the effects could be deep and long-term. What
shipping will look like post COVID-19 is unclear; however, EMSA has the necessary data and tools to analyse the
impact of the pandemic on certain shipping activities by analysing vessel traffic data and providing reliable figures
to assist in the definition of the recovery policies and specific measures. These figures should assist all parties
involved (EU, maritime administrations and shipping industry) in determining a recovery strategy to overcome the
economic crisis that Europe is facing.
The objective of this report is to provide figures on the impact of COVID-19 on shipping traffic; it is based on solid
vessel movements statistics showing the port call trends without interpreting the statistical data. The report could
not serve the purpose of an economic impact analysis since the trade volumes are not available in the EMSA
systems. The report focuses mainly on EU ports and EU flagged ships, but there are also statistics about the
shipping routes from Europe to China and from Europe to the US have been affected.

Contents

Table of Contents
1. Introduction .......................................................................................................................................................... 3
2. Executive summary ............................................................................................................................................. 4
3. Impact on ship calls to EU ports ........................................................................................................................ 5
3.1 General statistics ......................................................................................................................................... 5
3.2 Statistics per ship type ................................................................................................................................ 6
3.3 Statistics per Member State ........................................................................................................................ 7
3.4 Statistics per port ......................................................................................................................................... 8
4. Impact on ships flying the flags of EU Member States ................................................................................... 8
4.1 General statistics ......................................................................................................................................... 8
4.2 Statistics per ship type .............................................................................................................................. 10
5. EU – China and EU – US traffic ........................................................................................................................ 11
5.1 Introduction and methodology ................................................................................................................... 11
5.2 General picture between Europe and China/US ....................................................................................... 11
5.3 Trade between China and Europe by ship type ........................................................................................ 13
5.4 Trade between US and Europe by ship type ............................................................................................ 13
6. Impact on cruise ships and other passenger ships ...................................................................................... 14
6.1 Cruise ship calls ........................................................................................................................................ 14
6.2 Total number of Persons on Board (PoB) for cruise ships and other passenger ships ............................ 15
7. Impact on vessel movement patterns ............................................................................................................. 17
8. Congestion at anchorages in EU waters......................................................................................................... 19

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