SKM ® 19-Nov-2020 09:01

Safety Analysis of Data Reported in EMCIP - Analysis on Marine Casualties and Incidents involving Container Vessels


Year: 2020
Language: english
Author: European Maritime Safety Agency
Genre: Research papers
Publisher: European Maritime Safety Agency
Edition: 1st ed.
Format: PDF
Quality: eBook
Pages count: 81
Description: This safety analysis of the European Marine Casualty Information Platform (EMCIP) data is produced in a context where container vessels have gained increasing visibility and relevance in international trade. More than 90% of the world's non-bulk cargo carried by sea makes use of containers. Consequently, container vessels have become an increasingly important part of the global logistics value chain. The analysis offers a high-level overview of the safety issues reported in the system between 2011 and 2019 and considers the remedial actions suggested to prevent similar occurrences in the future, either safety recommendations (SR) proposed by an Accident Investigative Body (AIB), or autonomously taken by the relevant parties. The deliverable consists of the following documents:
• A “full analysis” of the factors contributing to accidents and incidents involving container vessel, including key statistics, and;
• A more compact “summary report” presenting specific safety issues with a potential horizontal impact on the transport mode at stake.

Contents

Table of Contents
1. Executive summary ............................................................................................................................................. 6
1.1 Acknowledgement ....................................................................................................................................... 7
1.2 Disclaimer .................................................................................................................................................... 7
2. Introduction .......................................................................................................................................................... 8
2.1 Why container vessels? .............................................................................................................................. 8
2.1.1 Overview of containership design features ........................................................................................ 10
2.1.2 Classification of Container Vessels .................................................................................................... 12
2.2 The EU framework for Accident Investigation ........................................................................................... 13
2.3 Finding potential safety issues through the analysis of EMCIP data ........................................................ 14
3. Statistics concerning marine casualties and incidents involving container vessels ................................ 15
3.1 Trend ......................................................................................................................................................... 15
3.2 Occurrence severity .................................................................................................................................. 16
3.3 Consequences to people........................................................................................................................... 17
3.4 Containerships unfit to proceed following a marine casualty .................................................................... 17
3.5 Loss of containers ..................................................................................................................................... 18
3.6 Type of casualty events............................................................................................................................. 18
3.7 Sea area .................................................................................................................................................... 21
3.8 Voyage segment ....................................................................................................................................... 23
3.9 Safety investigations ................................................................................................................................. 24
4. Analysis .............................................................................................................................................................. 26
4.1 Potential safety issues ............................................................................................................................... 26
4.1.1 Occurrences with ships ...................................................................................................................... 26
4.1.1.1 Work/operation methods .................................................................................................................... 28
4.1.1.2 Safety assessment – review .............................................................................................................. 31
4.1.1.3 Tools and hardware (design/operation) ............................................................................................. 33
4.1.1.4 Planning and procedures ................................................................................................................... 34
4.1.1.5 Maintenance ....................................................................................................................................... 36
4.1.1.6 Emergencies on board ....................................................................................................................... 37
4.1.1.7 External environment ......................................................................................................................... 38
4.1.1.8 Training and skills .............................................................................................................................. 39
4.1.1.9 Management factors .......................................................................................................................... 40
4.1.1.10 Legislation and compliance ................................................................................................................ 41
4.1.1.11 Physical/psychological conditions ...................................................................................................... 42
4.1.2 Occurrence with person(s) ................................................................................................................. 43
4.1.2.1 Work/operation methods .................................................................................................................... 44
4.1.2.2 Tools and hardware (design and operation) ...................................................................................... 46
4.1.2.3 Safety assessment ............................................................................................................................. 47
4.2 Safety recommendations and actions taken ............................................................................................. 49
4.2.1 Safety recommendations overview .................................................................................................... 49
4.2.2 Actions taken overview ...................................................................................................................... 53
4.3 Container-specific issues .......................................................................................................................... 55
4.3.1. Lack of proper cargo documentation ................................................................................................. 55
4.3.1.1 Safety recommendations / actions taken ................................................................................... 55
4.3.1.2 Sources ...................................................................................................................................... 55
4.3.2. Handling specific goods ..................................................................................................................... 56
4.3.2.1. Safety recommendations / actions taken ................................................................................... 56
4.3.2.2. Sources ...................................................................................................................................... 57
4.3.3. Response to fire on containers .......................................................................................................... 57
4.3.3.1. Safety recommendations / actions taken ................................................................................... 57
Safety analysis of EMCIP data – Container vessels
Page 3 of 81
4.3.3.2. Sources ...................................................................................................................................... 58
4.3.4. Unsafe conditions leading to loss of containers ................................................................................. 58
4.3.4.1. Safety recommendations / actions taken ................................................................................... 59
4.3.4.2. Sources ...................................................................................................................................... 60
4.3.5. Working practices to handle containers on board .............................................................................. 60
4.3.5.1. Safety recommendations / actions taken ................................................................................... 60
4.3.5.2. Sources ...................................................................................................................................... 61
4.3.6. Response of coastal Authorities following major marine casualties .................................................. 61
4.3.6.1. Safety recommendations / actions taken ................................................................................... 61
4.3.6.2. Sources ...................................................................................................................................... 62
5. Consolidated findings ....................................................................................................................................... 63
5.1. Statistics .................................................................................................................................................... 63
5.2. Main AoC leading to casualty events ........................................................................................................ 64
5.3. Safety recommendations and action taken ............................................................................................... 65
5.4. Containership-specific issues .................................................................................................................... 66
Appendix A Methodology .................................................................................................................................. 67
Appendix B EMCIP: an overview ...................................................................................................................... 77
Appendix C List of finished investigations ..................................................................................................... 79

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