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General operator’s certificate for the GMDSS (Model Course 1.25)


Year: 2014
Language: english
Author: IMO
Genre: Training courses
Publisher: IMO
Edition: 2014
ISBN: -
Format: PDF
Quality: eBook
Pages count: 359
Description: This Model Course on GOC for the GMDSS is based on the Radio Regulations
Edition 2012 and SOLAS 1974 as amended. It has been compiled by Mrs. Simone
Wilde, Mr. Andreas Braun and Mr. Dietrich Kaun under direction of the Federal
Maritime and Hydrographic Agency (BSH) in co-operation with Mrs. Brunhild
Osterhues from University of Applied Science Bremen 2012
Additional info: MODEL COURSE 1.25 GENERAL OPERATOR’S CERTIFICATE FOR THE GLOBAL MARITIME DISTRESS AND SAFETY SYSTEM 2014 Edition Course + Compendium

Contents

INTRODUCTION TO MODEL COURSES ................................................................... 4
PART A: COURSE FRAMEWORK.............................................................................. 6
PART B: COURSE OUTLINE AND TIMETABLE ..................................................... 11
PART C: DETAILED TEACHING SYLLABUS ......................................................... 14
PART D: INSTRUCTOR‘S MANUAL ........................................................................ 27
PART E: EVALUATION ............................................................................................ 31
INFORMATION REQUESTED OF INSTRUCTORS WHO IMPLEMENT IMO MODEL
COURSES ................................................................................................................. 37
ANNEX 1: EXAMPLE OF TRAINEE’S PRACTICAL PROFICIENCY CHECKLIST . 39
ANNEX 2: PRACTICAL EXAMINATION PROTOCOL GOC .................................... 45
COMPENDIUM
CONTENTS
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
INDEX OF TABLES
INDEX OF FIGURES
1. INTRODUCTION 65
2. THE STATUTORY FRAMEWORK OF THE MARITIME MOBILE
SERVICE 65
2.1. INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION OF SAFETY OF LIFE AT SEE 66
2.1.1. Functional requirements 66
2.1.2. Sea Areas 67
2.1.2.1. Definitions of coverage and sea areas for Digital Selective Calling (DSC) 67
2.1.3. Carriage requirements 68
2.1.3.1. Details of equipment specifications A1, A2, A4 and A4 69
2.1.3.2. Details of carriage requirements 70
2.1.3.3. Means of ensuring availability of ship station equipment 70
2.1.3.4. Primary and secondary means of alerting 70
2.1.3.5. Bridge alarm panel and its purpose 72
2.1.3.6. Requirements for radio safety certificates 72
2.1.4. Watchkeeping 72
2.1.4.1. Watchkeeping procedures as defined in the Radio Regulations 72
2.1.4.2. Other watchkeeping procedures 73
2.1.5. Radio personal 73
2.1.6. Sources of power 74
2.1.6.1. Reserve power supplies, capacity and duration as defined in SOLAS Convention 74
2.1.6.2. Reserve source of energy 74
2.1.6.3. Prohibitions on the connection of non-GMDSS equipment 75
2.2. RADIO REGULATIONS 75
2.2.1. Authority of the master 76
2.2.2. Secrecy of correspondence 76
2.2.3. Ship station licences 76
2.2.4. Inspection of stations 77
2.2.5. Radio Operator’s Certificates 77
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2.2.6. Frequencies 78
2.2.6.1. Interferences 78
2.2.6.2. The use of and restrictions for different emissions according to frequencies in the Maritime
Mobile Service (MMS) 79
2.2.6.3. The role of the various modes of communication 79
2.2.6.4. The use of MF, HF, VHF, UHF and SHF frequency bands in the MMS 80
2.2.6.5. The concept of HF frequency management 82
2.2.6.6. VHF telephony 82
2.2.6.7. Frequencies for distress, urgency and safety communications 82
2.2.6.8. Frequencies for routine communication and reply 82
2.2.7. Call categories 83
2.2.7.1. Distress 83
2.2.7.2. Urgency 83
2.2.7.3. Safety 83
2.2.7.4. Routine 83
2.2.8. Watchkeeping 83
3. IDENTIFICATION OF RADIO STATIONS 85
3.1. IDENTIFICATION OF SHIP STATIONS 85
3.1.1. Ships name 85
3.1.2. Call sign 85
3.1.3. Maritime Mobile Service Identity 86
3.1.4. Group calling number 86
3.2. IDENTIFICATION OF COAST STATIONS 87
3.3. IDENTIFICATION OF SEARCH AND RESCUE (SAR) STATIONS 87
3.4. IDENTIFICATION OF VESSEL TRAFFIC SERVICE(VTS) STATIONS 88
3.5. IDENTIFICATION OF AIDS TO NAVIGATION 88
3.6. IDENTIFICATION OF AIRCRAFT STATIONS 89
3.7. IDENTIFICATION OF ASSOCIATED CRAFT WITH PARENT SHIP 89
3.8. IDENTIFICATION OF SHIP EARTH STATIONS AND COAST EARTH STATIONS 89
4. SERVICE PUBLICATIONS 90
4.1. LIST OF COAST STATIONS AND SPECIAL SERVICE STATIONS (ITU LIST IV) 90
4.2. LIST OF SHIP STATIONS AND MARITIME MOBILE SERVICE IDENTITY ASSIGNMENTS (ITU LIST V) 91
4.3. MANUAL FOR USE BY THE MARITIME MOBILE AND MARITIME MOBILE-SATELLITE SERVICES 92
4.4. ADMIRALTY LIST OF RADIO SIGNALS 93
5. TECHNICAL 94
5.1. RADIO WAVE PROPAGATION 94
5.1.1. Basics 95
5.1.2. Line of sight propagation 96
5.1.3. Ground waves and sky waves 97
5.1.4. Ionosphere structure 98
5.1.5. UHF and VHF propagation 99
5.1.6. MF propagation 100
5.1.7. HF propagation 100
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5.1.8. VLF propagation 105
5.1.9. LF propagation 105
5.2. MODULATION BASICS 106
5.2.1. Frequency modulation 106
5.2.2. Amplitude modulation 108
5.2.3. Bandwidth of different types of modulation 109
5.2.4. Carrier and assigned frequencies 111
5.2.5. Official designations of emission 111
5.2.6. Unofficial designations of emissions 112
5.3. TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER BASICS 112
5.3.1. Transmitter structure 112
5.3.2. Receiver structure 114
5.4. BATTERIES 115
5.4.1. Basics 115
5.4.2. Different kinds of batteries - UPS systems 116
5.4.3. Characteristics of different battery types 116
5.4.3.1. Primary batteries 116
5.4.3.2. Secondary batteries 117
5.4.4. Charging batteries, battery charging methods 118
5.4.5. Maintenance and monitoring of batteries 119
5.5. ANTENNAS 120
5.5.1. VHF antennas 120
5.5.2. MF/HF antennas 120
5.5.3. Satellite antennas 122
5.5.4. Antenna maintenance 123
5.6. DSC BASICS 124
5.7. RADIOTELEX BASICS 125
5.7.1. Automatic request for repeat (ARQ) 125
5.7.2. Forward Error Correction (FEC) 125
5.8. FAULT LOCATION AND SERVICE ON GMDSS MARINE ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT 125
6. GMDSS COMPONENTS 126
6.1. GENERAL 126
6.2. VHF DSC 127
6.2.1. Basics 127
6.2.2. The use and functions of the VHF radio station installation 130
6.2.3. DSC possibilities 131
6.2.4. Operational VHF DSC procedures in the GMDSS 133
6.2.4.1. Telecommand and traffic information 134
6.2.4.2. Channel selection in call format 134
6.2.4.3. DSC acknowledgement 134
6.2.4.4. DSC relay process 134
6.2.4.5. Test transmissions 134
6.2.5. Alerting and announcement 134
6.2.5.1. Distress alert 135
6.2.5.2. Distress alert relay 136
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6.2.5.3. Announcements for all ships (distress, urgency, safety) 137
6.2.5.4. Announcement to individual station (urgency, safety, routine) 138
6.2.5.5. Group announcement (urgency, safety, routine) 139
6.2.5.6. Polling and position request 139
6.2.5.7. Automatic/Semi-automatic service with coast stations 139
6.2.5.8. List of practical tasks 140
6.3. MF/HF-DSC 141
6.3.1. Basics 141
6.3.2. The use and functions of the MF/HF radio station installation 144
6.3.3. DSC possibilities 146
6.3.4. Operational MF/HF DSC procedures in the GMDSS 148
6.3.4.1. Telecommand and traffic information 149
6.3.4.2. Frequency selection in call format 149
6.3.4.3. Acknowledgement 149
6.3.4.4. Distress alert relay 149
6.3.4.5. Use of frequencies 149
6.3.4.6. Test transmissions 150
6.3.5. Alerting and announcement 150
6.3.5.1. Distress alert 150
6.3.5.2. Distress alert relay 153
6.3.5.3. Announcement to individual station (urgency, safety, routine) 153
6.3.5.4. Geographic area announcement (urgency, safety) 154
6.3.5.5. Group announcement (distress, urgency, safety, routine) 155
6.3.5.6. Polling and position request 156
6.3.5.7. Automatic service with coast stations 156
6.3.5.8. Practical tasks 157
6.4. VHF/MF/HF VOICE PROCEDURE 158
6.4.1. Distress procedure 158
6.4.2. Urgency procedure 165
6.4.3. Safety procedure 168
6.4.4. Port operation and ship movement communication 171
6.4.5. Routine communication 171
6.4.5.1. Calling a subscriber (ship to shore) 171
6.4.5.2. Phone call from ashore (shore to ship) 172
6.4.5.3. Transmission of a telegram 173
6.4.6. Intership communication 174
6.4.7. On board communication 175
6.5. RADIOTELEX 175
6.5.1. Basics 176
6.5.2. Numbering 176
6.5.3. Automatic and manual calling 177
6.5.4. Radiotelex equipment 179
6.5.5. Details of a telex message 180
6.5.6. Operational MF/HF radiotelex procedures in the GMDSS 181
6.5.6.1. Distress procedure 181
6.5.6.2. Urgency procedure 182
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6.5.6.3. Safety procedure 183
6.5.6.4. Routine procedure 184
6.5.6.5. List of practical tasks MF/HF 190
6.6. INMARSAT 192
6.6.1. Basics 192
6.6.1.1. Inmarsat space segment 192
6.6.1.2. Inmarsat ground segment 194
6.6.1.3. Different Inmarsat systems and their functions 196
6.6.2. Inmarsat-B system 198
6.6.2.1. Use of the Inmarsat-B system 198
6.6.2.2. Components of an Inmarsat-B ship earth station 198
6.6.2.3. Handling of an Inmarsat-B SES 200
6.6.2.4. Acquiring a satellite connection 201
6.6.2.5. Use of 2-digit code service via Inmarsat-B 202
6.6.2.6. Practical Tasks 203
6.6.3. Inmarsat-C system 204
6.6.3.1. The use of Inmarsat-C system 206
6.6.3.2. Selecting an Ocean Region 207
6.6.3.3. Logging-in to an Ocean Region/ NCS Common Signalling Channel 207
6.6.3.4. Use of 2-digit code service via Inmarsat-C 207
6.6.3.5. Routing via a CES 208
6.6.3.6. Navigational areas (Navarea) / Metrological areas (Metarea) 208
6.6.3.7. Log out before switching off 208
6.6.3.8. Routine operational tasks 209
6.6.3.9. Quick reference Inmarsat-C guide 209
6.6.3.10. Components of an Inmarsat-C/Mini-C SES 211
6.6.3.11. Practical Tasks 212
6.6.4. Inmarsat-M systems 213
6.6.4.1. The limitations regarding Inmarsat-M and the GMDSS 214
6.6.5. Inmarsat Fleet 77 214
6.6.5.1. Components of an Inmarsat Fleet ship earth station 215
6.6.5.2. Method of acquiring satellite both manually and automatically 216
6.6.5.3. Handling of an Inmarsat Fleet 77 SES 216
6.6.5.4. Use of 2-digit code service via Inmarsat Fleet 218
6.6.5.5. Practical Tasks 218
6.6.6. Inmarsat-D and D+ 219
6.6.7. Inmarsat Numbers IMN 219
6.6.8. Overview of SafetyNET and FleetNET services 219
6.6.9. Operational voice procedure via Inmarsat 220
6.6.9.1. Distress-, urgent- safety and routine communication 220
6.6.9.2. Procedure for sending a distress alert-, call- and message via Inmarsat-B and Inmarsat Fleet
77 221
6.6.9.3. Procedure for sending an urgency call- and message via Inmarsat-B and Inmarsat Fleet 77
221
6.6.9.4. Procedure for sending a safety announcement, call and message via Inmarsat-B and
Inmarsat Fleet 77 222
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6.6.9.5. Routine communication via Inmarsat-B and Fleet 77 222
6.6.9.6. List of practical tasks 222
6.6.10. Operational Inmarsat telex procedure 222
6.6.10.1. Distress via Inmarsat-B telex 223
6.6.10.2. Distress via Inmarsat-C telex 224
6.6.10.3. Urgency / Safety Inmarsat-B telex 227
6.6.10.4. Urgency / Safety via Inmarsat-C telex 228
6.6.10.5. Routine communication 229
6.6.10.6. List of practical tasks 230
6.6.11. Inmarsat Email procedure 230
6.6.11.1. Procedure for sending an email to shore 230
6.7. COSPAS / SARSAT 232
6.7.1. Structure 232
6.7.1.1. Cospas/Sarsat space segment 232
6.7.1.2. Cospas/Sarsat ground segment 235
6.7.2. Possibilities 238
6.8. EPIRB 238
6.8.1. The basic operation of the COSPAS-SARSAT satellite system and signal routing/path 238
6.8.2. Essential parts of Cospas / Sarsat EPIRBs 239
6.8.3. Basic characteristics of operation on 406 and 121,5 MHz EPIRB 240
6.8.4. The registration and coding of a 406 MHz EPIRB 240
6.8.5. The information contents of a distress alert 240
6.8.6. Operation 240
6.8.7. The float-free function 241
6.8.8. The correct use of the lanyard 241
6.8.9. Routine maintenance, testing requirements and test operation 241
6.8.10. Additional EPIRB features 242
6.8.11. Withdrawal of an unintended false distress transmission 242
6.8.12. Practical Tasks 242
6.9. SEARCH AND RESCUE TRANSPONDER / TRANSMITTER (SART) 242
6.9.1. Different types of SARTs and their operation 243
6.9.1.1. Search and rescue radar transponder 243
6.9.1.2. AIS radar transmitter 244
6.9.2. Routine maintenance, testing requirements and test operation 245
6.9.3. Practical tasks 245
6.10. MARITIME SAFETY INFORMATION 246
6.10.1. Basics 246
6.10.2. NAVTEX 247
6.10.2.1. NAVTEX frequencies 247
6.10.2.2. NAVTEX system 247
6.10.2.3. Responsibilities of a NAVTEX Co-ordinator 250
6.10.2.4. Messages 250
6.10.2.5. Operation of the NAVTEX receiver 254
6.10.2.6. Selection of transmitters, message type 256
6.10.2.7. Practical tasks 256
6.10.3. EGC 257
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6.10.3.1. Geographic area messages and Inmarsat system messages 257
6.10.3.2. Classes of Inmarsat-C receiver types 262
6.10.3.3. EGC setup 263
6.10.4. MSI via VHF/MF/HF 264
6.11. THE USE AND FUNCTIONS OF PORTABLE VHF RADIO 265
6.11.1. Practical tasks 266
6.12. PORTABLE VHF AERONAUTICAL RADIO FOR 121,5 AND 123,1 MHZ 267
7. OTHER SYSTEMS USED ON BOARD 268
7.1. ULTRA HIGH FREQUENCY (UHF) HANDHELDS 268
7.2. AUTOMATIC IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM 268
7.3. SHIP SECURITY ALERT SYSTEM 269
8. SEARCH AND RESCUE OPERATION 270
8.1. THE ROLE OF THE MARITIME RESCUE CO-ORDINATION CENTRE 271
8.1.1. Maritime rescue organisations 271
8.1.2. Knowledge of SAR systems worldwide 272
8.2. INTERNATIONAL AERONAUTICAL AND MARITIME SEARCH AND RESCUE (IAMSAR) MANUAL 273
8.3. THE ROLE AND METHOD OF USE OF SHIP REPORTING SYSTEMS 273
8.3.1. Automated Mutual-assistance Vessel Rescue System (AMVER) 274
8.3.2. Japanese Ship Reporting System (JASREP) 277
8.3.3. Australian Ship Reporting System (AUSREP) 278
8.3.4. Long Range Identification and Tracking of Ships (LRIT) 279
9. MISCELLANEOUS SKILLS AND OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES
FOR GENERAL COMMUNICATIONS 281
9.1. USE OF ENGLISH IN WRITTEN AND ORAL FORM FOR SAFETY COMMUNICATIONS 281
9.1.1. Use of the IMO Standard Marine Communication Phrases 281
9.1.2. Use of the International Code of Signals 281
9.1.3. Recognition of standard abbreviations and commonly used service codes (Q-Code) 281
9.1.4. Use of the International Phonetic Alphabet 281
9.2. DETAILS OF A RADIO TELEGRAM 282
9.2.1. The preamble 282
9.2.2. Prefix 283
9.2.3. Different types of address 283
9.2.4. The text 283
9.2.5. The signature 283
9.3. PROCEDURE OF TRAFFIC CHARGING 283
9.3.1. The international charging and accounting system 283
9.3.2. The AAIC code and its use 284
9.3.3. Coast station-, landline and ship station charge 284
9.3.4. Currencies used for the account of international radio communications 284
9.3.5. Inmarsat communication charging systems 284
APPENDIX 1: VOICE PROCEDURES 288
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APPENDIX 2: MORSE CODE TABLE 289
APPENDIX 3: PHONETIC ALPHABET AND FIGURE CODE 290
APPENDIX 4: Q-CODES 292
APPENDIX 5: FREQUENCIES USED FOR DSC 297
APPENDIX 6: VHF FREQUENCIES 299
APPENDIX 7: MF FREQUENCIES 301
APPENDIX 8: HF DUPLEX CHANNELS 310
APPENDIX 9: VOICE SHIP – SHIP FREQUENCIES 318
APPENDIX 10: FREQUENCIES FOR DATA TRANSMISSION 319
APPENDIX 11: TELEX SHIP – COAST FREQUENCIES 324
APPENDIX 12: TELEX SHIP – SHIP FREQUENCIES 332
APPENDIX 13: TELEX COMMAND CODES 333
APPENDIX 14: TABLE OF MARITIME IDENTIFICATION DIGITS 335
APPENDIX 15: LIST OF CALL SIGNS 343
APPENDIX 16: TWO DIGIT ACCESS CODES 353
APPENDIX 17: NON DELIVERY CODES NOTIFICATION (NDN) 356

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