janataly ® 17-Dec-2012 20:15

IMO Ballast Water Management Convention: The Solution to a Cross-Sectoral Challenge


Language: english
Author: Jose Matheickal
Genre: Presentation
Publisher: IMO
Format: PDF
Number of pages: 45
Description: The “International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments” (BWM) is the full name used by the International Maritime Organization (IMO) to describe the rules that govern the management of a vessel’s ballast water.
Invasive species carried in the ballast tanks of ships were known as early as 1903. Economic impacts of these introduced organisms cause billions of dollars in damage to fisheries, infrastructure, and tourism each year. Two of the worst infestations globally are the Comb Jelly which has wiped out the anchovie industry on the Black Sea, and the European Zebra Mussel on the Great Lakes of the United States. The alien mussel has already caused an estimated 7 billion dollars in damage in the five lake system.
In 1991 the IMO’s Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) began the process of creating the framework of regulations which would become the BWM convention. Adoption of the resolution A.868(20) – “Guidelines for the control and management of ships' ballast water to minimize the transfer of harmful aquatic organisms and pathogens” would not happen until 1997. The final convention was adopted by the IMO in February of 2004.
 
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