zxc ® 23-Aug-2013 00:47

Siemens TEP - STEP 2000 Course for Electricians


Year: 2004
Language: english
Author: Siemens
Publisher: Siemens
Format: PDF
Quality: eBook
Number of pages: >100
Description: Welcome to another course in the STEP 2000 series, Siemens Technical Education Program, designed to prepare our distributors to sell Siemens Energy & Automation products more effectively. This course covers AC-DC Motors,Sensors,PLCs and related products.
If you are an employee of a Siemens Energy & Automation authorized distributor, fill out the final exam tear-out card and mail in the card. We will mail you a certificate of completion if you score a passing grade. Good luck with your efforts.
Medallion and PE-21 Plus are trademarks of Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc. National Electrical Code® and NEC® are registered trademarks of the National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA 02269. Portions of the National Electrical Code are reprinted with permission from NFPA 70-2002, National Electrical Code Copyright, 2001, National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA 02269.
This reprinted material is not the complete and official position of the National Fire Protection Association on the referenced subject which is represented by the standard in its entirety. Underwriters Laboratories Inc. is a registered trademark of Underwriters Laboratories Inc., Northbrook, IL 60062.
The abbreviation “UL” shall be understood to mean Underwriters Laboratories Inc. National Electrical Manufacturers Association is located at 2101 L. Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037. The abbreviation “NEMA” is understood to mean National Electrical Manufacturers Association.

1. AC Motors

Table of Contents
Introduction ..............................................................................2
AC Motors ................................................................................4
Force and Motion .....................................................................6
AC Motor Construction...........................................................14
Magnetism .............................................................................20
Electromagnetism ..................................................................22
Developing a Rotating Magnetic Field ....................................28
Rotor Rotation.........................................................................34
Motor Specifications...............................................................39
NEMA Motor Characteristics..................................................43
Derating Factors .....................................................................51
AC Motors and AC Drives.......................................................53
Matching AC Motors to the Load ...........................................58
Enclosures ..............................................................................63
Mounting ................................................................................67
Siemens Motors ..................................................................... 74
Above NEMA Motors .............................................................79
Review Answers.....................................................................84
Final Exam ..............................................................................85
2
Introduction
Welcome to another course in the STEP 2000 series, Siemens
Technical Education Program, designed to prepare our
distributors to sell Siemens Energy & Automation products
more effectively. This course covers AC Motors and related
products.
Upon completion of AC Motors you should be able to:
• Explain the concepts of force, inertia, speed, and torque
• Explain the difference between work and power
• Describe the construction of a squirrel cage AC motor
• Describe the operation of a rotating magnetic field
• Calculate synchronous speed, slip, and rotor speed
• Plot starting torque, accelerating torque, breakdown
torque, and full-load torque on a NEMA torque curve
• Apply derating factors as required by an application
• Describe the relationship between V/Hz, torque, and
horsepower
• Match an AC motor to an application and its load
• Identify NEMA enclosures and mounting configurations
• Describe Siemens Medallion™, PE-21 Plus™, vertical
pump, and IEC motors
• Describe torque characteristics and enclosures of Siemens
above NEMA motors
3
This knowledge will help you better understand customer
applications. In addition, you will be better able to describe
products to customers and determine important differences
between products. You should complete Basics of Electricity
before attempting AC Motors. An understanding of many of
the concepts covered in Basics of Electricity is required for
AC Motors. You may also want to complete Basics of Control
Components which discusses the application of control
devices for start, stop, and thermal protection of AC motors.
If you are an employee of a Siemens Energy & Automation
authorized distributor, fill out the final exam tear-out card and
mail in the card. We will mail you a certificate of completion if
you score a passing grade. Good luck with your efforts.
Medallion and PE-21 Plus are trademarks of Siemens Energy &
Automation, Inc.
National Electrical Code® and NEC® are registered trademarks
of the National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA 02269.
Portions of the National Electrical Code are reprinted with
permission from NFPA 70-2002, National Electrical Code
Copyright, 2001, National Fire Protection Association, Quincy,
MA 02269. This reprinted material is not the complete and
official position of the National Fire Protection Association on
the referenced subject which is represented by the standard in
its entirety.
Underwriters Laboratories Inc. is a registered trademark of
Underwriters Laboratories Inc., Northbrook, IL 60062. The
abbreviation “UL” shall be understood to mean Underwriters
Laboratories Inc.
National Electrical Manufacturers Association is located
at 2101 L. Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037. The
abbreviation “NEMA” is understood to mean National Electrical
Manufacturers Association.

2. Motor Control Centers

Table of Contents
Introduction ..............................................................................2
Motor Control ...........................................................................4
Power Supplies .........................................................................8
Design Standards ...................................................................13
Need for Circuit Protection .....................................................14
Overcurrent-Protection Devices..............................................19
Motor Control Centers............................................................23
Combination Motor Control Units...........................................29
Motor Starters ........................................................................33
Pilot Devices...........................................................................38
Circuit Breakers ......................................................................40
Other Types of Units in MCCs ................................................42
MCC Ratings ..........................................................................47
Enclosures ..............................................................................50
Classification and Types of Wiring...........................................53
Cable Entry .............................................................................58
TIASTAR..................................................................................62
Information Needed to Order MCCs ......................................72
Review Answers.....................................................................75
Final Exam ..............................................................................76
2
Introduction
Welcome to another course in the STEP 2000 series, Siemens
Technical Education Program, designed to prepare our
distributors to sell Siemens Energy & Automation products
more effectively. This course covers Motor Control Centers.
Upon completion of Motor Control Centers, you should be
able to:
• Explain the role of motor control centers in a distribution
system
• Define a motor control center according to NEMA and UL
• Explain the need for circuit protection
• Identify various components of a motor control center
• Explain the difference between the various classifications
and types of motor control center wiring
• Explain features of the TIASTAR motor control centers
3
This knowledge will help you better understand customer
applications. In addition, you will be better prepared to describe
motor control products to customers. You should complete
Basics of Electricity and Basics of Control Components
before attempting Motor Control Centers.
If you are an employee of a Siemens Energy & Automation
authorized distributor, fill out the final exam tear-out card and
mail in the card. We will mail you a certificate of completion if
you score a passing grade. Good luck with your efforts.
Sensitrip is a registered trademark of Siemens Energy &
Automation, Inc.
Sentron, ESP100, INNOVA PLUS, TIASTAR, ACCESS, and
SAMMS are trademarks of Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
National Electrical Code® and NEC® are registered trademarks
of the National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA 02269.
Portions of the National Electrical Code are reprinted with
permission from NFPA 70-2002, National Electrical Code
Copyright, 2001, National Fire Protection Association, Quincy,
MA 02269. This reprinted material is not the complete and
official position of the National Fire Protection Association on
the referenced subject which is represented by the standard in
its entirety.
Underwriters Laboratories Inc. and UL are registered
trademarks of Underwriters Laboratories Inc., Northborook, IL
60062.
National Electrical Manufacturers Association is located
at 2101 L Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037. The
abbreviation “NEMA” is understood to mean National Electrical
Manufacturers Association.
Other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

3. Basics of General Motion Control

Table of Contents
Introduction ............................................................................. 2
Totally Integrated Automation.................................................. 4
Motion Control ........................................................................ 5
Mechanical Basics ................................................................ 13
Servomotor Construction ...................................................... 25
Servomotor Ratings............................................................... 33
Speed-Torque Characteristics ................................................ 39
Siemens Servomotors ........................................................... 44
Servomotor Accessories ....................................................... 46
Encoders and Resolvers ........................................................ 49
Pulse Width Modulation ........................................................ 55
Siemens MASTERDRIVE MC Family .................................... 63
MASTERDRIVE MC Compact PLUS ..................................... 64
MASTERDRIVE MC Compact and Chassis ........................... 73
Technology Options............................................................... 78
Cables ................................................................................... 87
Applications .......................................................................... 88
Selection ............................................................................... 95
SIMODRIVE .......................................................................... 97
Review Answers ................................................................... 99
Final Exam ........................................................................... 100
2
Introduction
Welcome to another course in the STEP 2000 series, Siemens
Technical Education Program, designed to prepare our sales
personnel and distributors to sell Siemens Energy &
Automation products more effectively. This course covers
Basics of General Motion Control and related products.
Upon completion of Basics of General Motion Control you
should be able to:
• Explain the concepts of force, inertia, speed, and torque
• Explain the difference between work and power
• Describe the construction of a servomotor
• Identify the nameplate information of a servomotor
necessary for application to a MASTERDRIVE MC
• Describe the operation of a three-phase rotating magnetic
field
• Describe the relationship between V/Hz, torque, and
current
• Describe the operation of an encoder
• Describe the basic construction and operation of a PWM
type MASTERDRIVE MC
• Describe features and operation of the Siemens
MASTERDRIVE MC
• Describe basic motion control applications
3
This knowledge will help you better understand customer
applications. In addition, you will be able to describe products to
customers and determine important differences between
products. You should complete Basics of Electricity and Basics
of AC Drives before attempting Basics of General Motion
Control. An understanding of many of the concepts covered in
Basics of Electricity and Basics of AC Drives is required for
Basics of General Motion Control.
If you are an employee of a Siemens Energy & Automation
authorized distributor, fill out the final exam tear-out card and
mail in the card. We will mail you a certificate of completion if
you score a passing grade. Good luck with your efforts.
SIMOVERT is a registered trademark of Siemens AG.
MASTERDRIVES is a trademark of Siemens AG.
Other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
National Electrical Manufacturers Association is located at 2101
L. Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037. The abbreviation
“NEMA” is understood to mean National Electrical
Manufacturers Association.

4. Sensors

Table of Contents
Introduction ............................................................................. 2
Sensors ................................................................................... 4
Limit Switches ......................................................................... 8
International Limit Switches .................................................. 18
North American Limit Switches ............................................. 22
BERO Sensors ....................................................................... 27
Inductive Proximity Sensors Theory of Operation .................. 28
Inductive Proximity Sensor Family ......................................... 40
Capacitive Proximity Sensors Theory of Operation ................ 54
Capacitive Proximity Sensor Family ....................................... 57
Ultrasonic Proximity Sensors Theory of Operation ................. 59
Ultrasonic Proximity Sensor Family ....................................... 68
Photoelectric Sensors Theory of Operation ............................ 80
Photoelectric Family of Sensors ............................................ 93
Sensor Applications ............................................................... 99
Review Answers .................................................................. 107
Final Exam ........................................................................... 108
2
Introduction
Welcome to another course in the STEP 2000 series, Siemens
Technical Education Program, designed to prepare our
distributors to sell Siemens Energy & Automation products
more effectively. This course covers Sensors and related
products.
Upon completion of Sensors you should be able to:
• Describe advantages, disadvantages, and applications of
limit switches, photoelectric sensors, inductive sensors,
capacitive sensors, and ultrasonic sensors
• Describe design and operating principles of mechanical
limit switches
• Identify components of International and North American
mechanical limit switches
• Describe design and operating principles of inductive,
capacitive, ultrasonic, and photoelectric sensors and
describe differences and similarities
• Apply correction factors where appropriate to proximity
sensors
• Identify the various scan techniques of photoelectric
sensors
• Identify ten categories of inductive sensors and sensors in
each category
• Describe the effects of dielectric constant on capacitive
proximity sensors
• Identify environmental influences on ultrasonic sensors
• Identify types of ultrasonic sensors that require manual
adjustment, can be used with SONPROG, and require the
use of a signal evaluator
3
• Describe the difference between light operate and dark
operate modes of a photoelectric sensor
• Describe the use of fiber optics and laser technology used
in Siemens photoelectric sensors
• Select the type of sensor best suited for a particular
application based on material, sensing distance, and
sensor load requirements
This knowledge will help you better understand customer
applications. In addition, you will be better able to describe
products to customers and determine important differences
between products. You should complete Basics of Electricity
and Basics of Control Components before attempting
Sensors. An understanding of many of the concepts covered in
Basics of Electricity and Basics of Control Components is
required for Sensors.
If you are an employee of a Siemens Energy & Automation
authorized distributor, fill out the final exam tear-out card and
mail in the card. We will mail you a certificate of completion if
you score a passing grade. Good luck with your efforts.
BERO, SIMATIC, SONPROG, and SIGUARD are registered
trademarks of Siemens Energy & Automation, Inc.
National Electrical Code® and NEC® are registered trademarks
of the National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA 02269.
Portions of the National Electrical Code are reprinted with
permission from NFPA 70-1999, National Electrical Code
Copyright, 1998, National Fire Protection Association, Quincy,
MA 02269. This reprinted material is not the complete and
official position of the National Fire Protection Association on
the referenced subject which is represented by the standard in
its entirety.
Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. is a registered trademark of
Underwriters Laboratories, Inc., Northbrook, IL 60062. The
abbreviation “UL” is understood to mean Underwriters
Laboratories, Inc.
National Electrical Manufacturers Association is located at 2101
L. Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037. The abbreviation
“NEMA” is understood to mean National Electrical
Manufacturers Association.
Other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

5. Basics of PLCs

Table of Contents
Introduction ..............................................................................2
PLCs .........................................................................................4
Number Systems......................................................................8
Terminology ............................................................................14
Basic Requirements................................................................23
S7-200 Micro PLCs.................................................................28
Connecting External Devices..................................................39
Programming A PLC ...............................................................41
Discrete Inputs/Outputs .........................................................49
Analog Inputs and Outputs.....................................................61
Timers.....................................................................................64
Counters .................................................................................71
High-Speed Instructions .........................................................75
Specialized Expansion Modules .............................................78
Review Answers.....................................................................84
Final Exam ..............................................................................85
2
Introduction
Welcome to another course in the STEP 2000 series, Siemens
Technical Education Program, designed to prepare our
distributors to sell Siemens Energy & Automation products
more effectively. This course covers Basics of PLCs and related
products.
Upon completion of Basics of PLCs you should be able to:
• Identify the major components of a PLC and describe
their functions
• Convert numbers from decimal to binary, BCD, and
hexadecimal
• Identify typical discrete and analog inputs and outputs
• Read a basic ladder logic diagram and statement list
• Identify operational differences between different S7-200
models
• Identify the proper manual to refer to for programming or
installation of an S7-200 PLC
• Connect a simple discrete input and output to an S7-200
• Select the proper expansion module for analog inputs and
outputs
• Describe the operation of timers and counters
3
This knowledge will help you better understand customer
applications. In addition, you will be better able to describe
products to customers and determine important differences
between products. You should complete Basics of Electricity
before attempting Basics of PLCs. An understanding of many
of the concepts covered in Basics of Electricity is required
for Basics of PLCs. In addition you may wish to complete
Basics of Control Components. Devices covered in Basics
of Control Components are used with programmable logic
controllers.
If you are an employee of a Siemens Energy & Automation
authorized distributor, fill out the final exam tear-out card and
mail in the card. We will mail you a certificate of completion if
you score a passing grade. Good luck with your efforts.
SIMATIC, STEP 7, STEP 7-Micro, STEP 7-Micro/WIN, PG 702,
and PG 740 are registered trademarks of Siemens Energy &
Automation, Inc.
Other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

6. Basics of DC Drives

Table of Contents
Introduction ............................................................................. 2
Totally Integrated Automation and DC Drives......................... 4
Mechanical Basics ................................................................... 6
DC Motors ............................................................................. 13
Basic DC Motor Operation .................................................... 17
Types of DC Motors .............................................................. 22
DC Motor Ratings .................................................................. 26
Speed/Torque Relationships of Shunt Connected Motors .... 30
Basic DC Drives ..................................................................... 35
Converting AC to DC ............................................................. 39
Basic Drive Operation ............................................................ 44
SIMOREG 6RA70 DC MASTER Electronics .......................... 54
Parameters and Function Blocks ........................................... 69
Engineering Tools................................................................... 75
Applications ........................................................................... 77
Application Examples ............................................................ 78
Selecting a Siemens DC Drive .............................................. 81
Review Answers.................................................................... 85
Final Exam ............................................................................. 86
2
Introduction
Welcome to another course in the STEP 2000 series,
Siemens Technical Education Program, designed to prepare our
distributors to sell Siemens Energy & Automation products
more effectively. This course covers Basics of DC Drives and
related products.
Upon completion of Basics of DC Drives you will be able to:
Explain the concepts of force, inertia, speed, and torque
• Explain the difference between work and power
• Describe the operation of a DC motor
• Identify types of DC motors by their windings
• Identify nameplate information on a DC motor necessary
for application to a DC drive
• Identify the differences between a power module and a
base drive
• Explain the process of converting AC to DC using
thyristors
• Describe the basic construction of a DC drive
• Explain the significant differences between 1- and 4-
quadrant operation in a DC drive
• Describe features and operation of the Siemens 6RA70
DC MASTER
• Describe the characteristics of constant torque, constant
horsepower, and variable torque applications
3
This knowledge will help you better understand customer
applications. In addition, you will be better able to describe
products to customers and determine important differences
between products.
If you are an employee of a Siemens Energy & Automation
authorized distributor, fill out the final exam tear-out card and
mail in the card. We will mail you a certificate of completion if
you score a passing grade. Good luck with your efforts.
SIMOREG, SIMOREG DC-MASTER, SIMOVIS, and SIMOLINK
are registered trademarks of Siemens Energy & Automation,
Inc.
Other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

7. Basics of Control Components

Table of Contents
Introduction ............................................................................. 2
Control Circuits........................................................................ 4
Electrical Symbols ................................................................... 6
Line Diagrams ....................................................................... 16
Overload Protection............................................................... 22
Overload Relays .................................................................... 26
Manual Control ...................................................................... 35
Magnetic Contactors and Starters ......................................... 41
Starter Ratings ....................................................................... 46
Furnas INNOVA PLUS Starters .............................................. 49
ESP100 Starters .................................................................... 50
SIRIUS Type 3R Starters ........................................................ 51
World Series Type 3TF Starters .............................................. 53
Multi-Speed and Reversing Starters ...................................... 55
Reduced-Voltage Starting ...................................................... 59
Solid-State Reduced-Voltage Controllers............................... 64
Pilot Devices ......................................................................... 67
Control Transformers .............................................................. 78
Control Relays ....................................................................... 79
Timing Relays ........................................................................ 85
Pressure Switches ................................................................ 90
LOGO! Logic Module ............................................................ 93
Review Answers ................................................................... 96
Final Exam ............................................................................. 97
2
Introduction
Welcome to another course in the STEP 2000 series, Siemens
Technical Education Program, designed to prepare our
distributors to sell Siemens Energy & Automation products
more effectively. This course covers Basics of Control
Components and related products.
Upon completion of Basics of Control Components you will
be able to:
• State the purpose and general principles of control
components and circuits
• State the difference between manual and automatic
control operation
• Identify various symbols which represent control
components
• Read a basic line diagram
• Describe the construction and operating principles of
manual starters
• Describe the construction and operating principles of
magnetic contactors and magnetic motor starters
• Identify various Siemens and Furnas manual starters and
magnetic motor starters, and describe their operation in a
control circuit
• Explain the need for motor overload protection
• State the need for reduced-voltage motor starting
• Describe typical motor starting methods
3
• Describe the difference between normally open and
normally pilot devices
• Describe the operating principles of control relays
This knowledge will help you better understand customer
applications. In addition, you will be better able to describe
products to customers and determine important differences
between products. You should complete Basics of Electricity
before attempting Basics of Control Components. An
understanding of many of the concepts covered in Basics of
Electricity is required for Basics of Control Components. In
addition, you may want to complete the STEP 2000 course
Sensors after completing Basics of Control Components.
If you are an employee of a Siemens Energy & Automation
authorized distributor, fill out the final exam tear-out card and
mail in the card. We will mail you a certificate of completion if
you score a passing grade. Good luck with your efforts.
Siemens & Furnas Controls is a business unit of Siemens
Energy & Automation, Inc.
SIMICONT is a registered trademark of Siemens Energy &
Automation, Inc.
INNOVA PLUS and ESP100 are trademarks of Siemens Energy
& Automation, Inc.
National Electrical Code® and NEC® are registered trademarks
of the National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA 02269.
Portions of the National Electrical Code are reprinted with
permission from NFPA 70-1999, National Electrical Code
Copyright, 1998, National Fire Protection Association, Quincy,
MA 02269. This reprinted material is not the complete and
official position of the National Fire Protection Association on
the referenced subject which is represented by the standard in
its entirety.
Underwriters Laboratories Inc. is a registered trademark of
Underwriters Laboratories Inc., Northbrook, IL 60062. The
abbreviation “UL” shall be understood to mean Underwriters
Laboratories Inc.
CAGE CLAMP is a trademark of WAGO Corporation, Brown
Deer, WI 53223

8. Basics of AC Drives

Table of Contents
Introduction ..............................................................................2
Siemens AC Drives and Totally Integrated Automation.............4
Mechanical Basics ....................................................................6
AC Motor Construction...........................................................15
Developing A Rotating Magnetic Field....................................19
Rotor Construction .................................................................22
NEMA Rotor Characteristics...................................................26
Electrical Components Of A Motor.........................................29
Voltage And Frequency ...........................................................31
Basic AC Drives ......................................................................37
Siemens MICROMASTER ......................................................46
Siemens MASTERDRIVE........................................................66
MASTERDRIVE Compact, Chassis, and Cabinet Units........... 74
MASTERDRIVE Compact Plus................................................85
Parameters and Function Blocks ............................................90
Applications ............................................................................96
Constant Torque Applications..................................................97
Variable Torque Applications.................................................. 101
Constant Horsepower Applications ...................................... 105
Multimotor Applications........................................................ 107
Review Answers................................................................... 109
Final Exam ............................................................................ 110
2
Introduction
Welcome to another course in the STEP 2000 series, Siemens
Technical Education Program, designed to prepare our
distributors to sell Siemens Energy & Automation products
more effectively. This course covers Basics of AC Drives and
related products.
Upon completion of Basics of AC Drives you should be able to:
• Explain the concept of force, inertia, speed, and torque
• Explain the difference between work and power
• Describe the construction of a squirrel cage AC motor
• Identify the nameplate information of an AC motor
necessary for application to an AC Drive
• Describe the operation of a three-phase rotating magnetic
field
• Calculate synchronous speed, slip, and rotor speed
• Describe the relationship between V/Hz, torque, and
current
• Describe the basic construction and operation of a PWM
type AC drive
• Describe features and operation of the Siemens
MICROMASTER and MASTERDRIVE VC
• Describe the characteristics of constant torque, constant
horsepower, and variable torque applications
3
This knowledge will help you better understand customer
applications. In addition, you will be able to describe products
to customers and determine important differences between
products. You should complete Basics of Electricity before
attempting Basics of AC Drives. An understanding of many of
the concepts covered in Basics of Electricity is required for
Basics of AC Drives.
If you are an employee of a Siemens Energy & Automation
authorized distributor, fill out the final exam tear-out card and
mail in the card. We will mail you a certificate of completion if
you score a passing grade. Good luck with your efforts.
SIMOVERT is a registered trademark of Siemens AG.
National Electrical Manufacturers Association is located
at 2101 L. Street, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20037. The
abbreviation “NEMA” is understood to mean National Electrical
Manufacturers Association.
Rating: 5 / 5 (Votes: 13)
Reply
Similar releases
Basics of Electrical Products / Siemens Technical Education Program - STEP [2009, PDF]
Курсы для получения High Voltage сертификата / High Voltage certificate courses [PDF, WMV, DOC, PPT]
  • Reply

The time now is: Today 16:23

All times are GMT + 3 Hours