Ferreirolo ® 12-Mar-2020 19:52

21st Century Maritime Silk Road: A Peaceful Way Forward


Year: 2018
Language: english
Author: Chongwei Zheng Ziniu Xiao
Genre: Technical book
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 978-981-10-7977-1
Format: PDF
Quality: eBook
Pages count: 186
Description: The 21st Century Maritime Silk Road (shortened to “Maritime Silk Road” here- after) proposed by Chinese President Xi Jinping has received increasing attention from many countries and regions. It represents China’s consistent theme of peace and development. It is conducive to promoting economic prosperity and regional economic cooperation among countries, strengthening communication between civilizations, and promoting world peace and development. The Maritime Silk Road will open a new chapter of human interconnection, cooperation and win-win scenarios, equality, and mutual assistance. More than 70% of the earth’s surface is covered by ocean. The ocean is not only an important regulator of the natural environment but also an important growth point for social and economic devel- opment. It is the cradle of human life as well as a resource repository that will bring new opportunities for Chinese national rejuvenation and contributions to the sus- tainable development of human society. However, challenges and opportunities often coexist. The Maritime Silk Road links the South China Sea and the northern Indian Ocean, involving a large number of countries, a wide range, and long distances. The challenging natural environment, scarcity of electricity and fresh- water resources, different political and cultural bases, complex maritime rights disputes, and constant state of conflict greatly increase the difficulty of constructing the Maritime Silk Road. For example, a storm surge in the Bay of Bengal in 1970 caused more than 300,000 deaths. Obviously, understanding the characteristics of the marine environment is a prerequisite for the safe and efficient construction of the Maritime Silk Road. However, relatively weak basic research and scarce marine data seriously restrict the full implementation of the Maritime Silk Road initiative and urgently need to be addressed.

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