Ferreirolo ® 14-Sep-2020 20:18

Maneuvering Study of Escorted Tankers to and from Kitimat


Year: 2010
Language: english
Author: Naval Architect, M.Sc. Jens Bay and Master Mariner Steffen Schultz
Genre: Other
Publisher: Force Technology
Format: PDF
Quality: eBook
Pages count: 137
Description: This report summarizes the work carried out by FORCE Technology, Division for Maritime Industry, DMI, Lyngby, Denmark according to work order nos. WG-41145-08001 and WG-40322-22001 issued by Northern Gateway Pipelines LP (Northern Gateway).
Northern Gateway has initiated significant engineering, field work, and environmental and socio-economic assessments to support the proposed development of the Northern Gateway Pipelines Project that will include:
• A proposed oil export pipeline to transport oil from Strathcona County, Alberta (west of Bruderheim) to a new marine terminal located at Kitimat, British Columbia. The exported product will be shipped by tanker to Asia-Pacific and California markets.
• A proposed condensate pipeline to transport condensate from the Marine Terminal to Strathcona County, Alberta. The condensate will be imported by tankers from worldwide supply markets.
Two dedicated tanker berths are planned for the Kitimat Marine Terminal. Both berths will be used to load oil into tankers up to a Very Large Crude Carrier (VLCC) size, and either berth is capable of offloading condensate from tankers up to a Suezmax size.
The tankers will navigate from open sea and through confined coastal channels to the Kitimat Marine Terminal using one of several alternative routes. The primary routes are shown in Figure 1-1 and include:
• The North Route passes Haida Gwaii through Dixon Entrance and continues via Hecate Strait, Browning Entrance, Principe Channel, Nepean Sound, Otter Channel, Squally Channel, Lewis Passage, Wright Sound and Douglas Channel. This route is shown in purple
• The South Route passes through Queen Charlotte Sound and continues through Hecate Strait, Caamaño Sound, Campania Sound, Squally Channel, Lewis Passage, Wright Sound, and Douglas Channel. This route is shown in red
An alternative southerly route which bypasses Caamaño Sound going north in Hecate Strait along the western side of Banks Island to Browning Entrance is also considered viable, but this route (Browning Entrance) was not modelled at this time since the outer section is in open water.
Secondary routes which are currently in use and considered viable for some ship types under certain conditions were also assessed and include:
• Use of Whale Channel (orange)
• Use of Cridge Passage (yellow)
A south approach via Laredo Sound and Laredo Channel was investigated, but this route option is not considered viable for the design ships of this project.
Additional info: There are two parts in the document:
Part 1: Executive Summary, Final Report.
Part 2: Main report, version 1.0.

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