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Handbook for Inspection of Ships and Issuance of Ship Sanitation Certificates

Year: 2011
Language: english, german
Author: WHO
Genre: Handbook
Publisher: World Health Organization
Edition: 3
ISBN: 978 92 4 154819 9
Format: PDF
Quality: eBook
Pages count: 150
Description: This Handbook for Inspection of Ships and Issuance of Ship Sanitation Certificates provides guidance for preparing and performing ship inspection, completing the certificates and applying public health measures within the framework of International Health Regulations (2005). It is intended to be used as reference
material for port health officers, regulators, ship operators and other competent authorities in charge of implementing the health measures onboard ships.


Foreword 3
Acknowledgments 5
Acronyms 13
1. Overview of legal and policy framework 20
2. Roles and responsibilities 21
2.1 Role of competent authority 22
2.2 Role of conveyance operators 23
2.3 Role of inspecting officers 24
3. Pre-inspection planning and administrative arrangements 24
for issuing ship sanitation certificates
3.1 General preparation and administrative arrangements for 25
issuing ship sanitation certificates
3.2 Planning for on-site inspection 26
4. Measures and operational procedures for ship inspection
and the issue of ship sanitation certificates 26
4.1 Documentation review 27
4.2 Inspection process 28
4.3 Taking samples 29
4.4 Issue of certificates 30
5. Control Measures 34
6. Other relevant international agreements and instruments 35
Area 1 Quarters 38
Area 2 Galley, pantry and service areas 42
Area 3 Stores 55
Area 4 Child-care facilities 60
Area 5 Medical facilities 64
Area 6 Swimming pools and spas 71
Area 7 Solid and medical waste 76
Area 8 Engine room 85
Area 9 Potable water 88
Area 10 Sewage 109
Area 11 Ballast water 117
Area 12 Cargo holds 122
Area 13 Other systems and areas 125
Annex 1 International Health Regulations (2005)
Annex 3, Model Ship Sanitation Control Exemption Certificate/Ship Sanitation
Control Certificate 129
Annex 2 Algorithm for issuance of ship sanitation certificates,
handling of re-inspections and affected conveyances 131
Annex 3 Sequence of inspection areas 135
Annex 4 Personal protective equipment for inspectors and crew 136
Annex 5 Technical equipment useful to perform a ship inspection 137
Annex 6 Model documents for ship inspection 139
Annex 7 Evidence Report Form 141
Annex 8 Instructions for completing the Evidence Report Form 142
References and resources 143


On 23 May 2005, the Fifty-eighth World Health Assembly adopted the International
Health Regulations (IHR) (2005), and the Deratting Certificate/Deratting Exemption Certificate
required by the IHR (1969) was replaced by the broader-scope ship sanitation
certificates (SSCs), which came into force on 15 June 2007.
The IHR (2005) states that parties can authorize certain ports to issue the SSCs and their
extensions, as well as to provide the services referred to in Annex 1 of the regulations.
The authorized ports should have, among other capacities, trained personnel available
to board a ship and to identify any significant risk to public health, as well as to take
control measures. Thus, it is imperative to have a global, standardized operational procedure
for inspecting ships.
After the IHR (2005) took effect in June 2007, the World Health Organization (WHO),
Health Security and Environment (IHR ports, airports and ground crossings) developed
the Interim technical advice for inspection and issuance of ship sanitation certificates.
This technical advice, which was published in August 2007, assists States Parties to manage
ship inspection and issue SSCs.
This document, Handbook for inspection of ships and issuance of ship sanitation certificates
(the handbook), replaces the previous interim technical advice, and reflects the
need for a common understanding of the purpose and scope of the application of SSCs
worldwide. It is an important tool for helping to prevent and control known public health
risks (not just rodents), and provides a common way to register and communicate events
and measures taken on board. The handbook is intended to raise conveyance operators’
awareness and response to public health events, and provide the opportunity for routine
verification of health status on board at least twice each year.
This handbook may be used in conjunction with the Guide to ship sanitation (WHO, 2011)
and the International medical guide for ships (WHO, 2007), which are oriented towards
preventive health and curative health, respectively, on board ships.
The handbook was developed through an iterative series of drafting and peer-review
steps. The following expert meetings were held to revise the handbook:
• informal Transportation Working Group Meeting for Ship Sanitation Certificates, Lyon,
France, 6–8 November 2007;
• informal Transportation Draft Working Group Meeting on procedures for inspection
and issuance of ship sanitation certificates, Lyon, France, 17–19 December 2007;
• informal consultation for draft on procedures for inspection and issuance of ship sanitation
certificates, Lyon, France, 14–16 April 2008;
• meeting on recommended procedures for inspection and issuance of ship sanitation
certificates, Lyon, France, 14–15 April 2009;
• informal consultation meetings for the ship sanitation guidelines, Lyon, France, 12–16
October 2009.
A public consultation version of this handbook was posted on the WHO website in May
2010. During the course of meetings and peer review, participants and experts from represented
cruise ship operators, seafarer associations, collaborating Member States for
the IHR (2005), Port State Control, port health authorities and other regulatory agencies
were involved from diverse developing and developed countries. The acknowledgements
section contains a complete list of contributors.
From 2008 to 2010, several workshops and field activities were held at the subregional,
regional and interregional level. Experts from all WHO regions participated, and the
workshops provided an opportunity to revise previous interim technical advice and test
the new draft handbook using training exercises onboard ships. The workshops and field
activities were supported by WHO regional and country offices, as well as public health
authorities in different countries, including Sines, Portugal (2009); Santos (2008), Fortaleza
(2010), Brazil; Palma de Majorca (2008), Cartagena (2009), Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
(2010), Spain; Amsterdam, the Netherlands (2007); Hamburg, Germany (2008); Miami,
United States of America (2008); Bridgetown, Barbados (2008); Manila, the Philippines
(2009); Colombo, Sri Lanka (2010); and Paris, France (2009).



Ship Sanitation Inspection


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